Old World Traits Transplanted

Publisher's Note, Foreword and Table of Contents

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The material in this volume was gathered by the Division of Treatment of Immigrant Heritages of Studies in Methods of Americanization.

Americanization in these studies has been considered as the union of native and foreign born in all the most fundamental relationships and activities of our national life. For Americanization is the uniting of the new with native-born Americans in fuller common understanding and appreciation to secure by means of individual and collective self-direction the highest welfare of all. Such Americanization should perpetuate no unchangeable political, domestic and economic régime delivered once an for all to the fathers, inclusive of the best wherever found. With all our rich heritages, Americanism will develop best through a mutual giving and taking of contributions from both newer and older Americans in the interest of the common weal. These studies have followed such an understanding of Americanization.

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This volume is the result of studies in methods of Americanization prepared through funds furnished by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. It arose out of the fact that constant applications were being made to the Corporation for contributions to the work of numerous agencies engaged in various forms of social activity intended to extend among the people of the United States the knowledge of their government and their obligations to it. The trustees felt that a study which should set forth, not theories of social betterment, but a description of the methods of the various agencies engaged in such work, would be of distinct value to the cause itself and to the public.

The outcome of the study is contained in eleven volumes on the following subjects: Schooling of the Immigrant; The Press; Adjustment of Homes and Family Life; Legal Protection and Correction; Health Standards and Care; Naturalization and Political Life; Industrial and Economic Amalgamation; Treatment of Immigrant Heritages; Neighborhood Agencies and Organization; Rural Developments; and Summary. The entire study has been carried out under the general direction of Mr. Allen T. Burns. Each

(viii) volume appears in the name of the author who had immediate charge of the particular field it is intended to cover.

Upon the invitation of the Carnegie Corporation a committee consisting of the late Theodore Roosevelt, Prof. John Graham Brooks, Dr. John M. Glenn, and Mr. John A Voll has acted in an advisory capacity to the director. An editorial committee consisting of Dr. Talcott Williams, Dr. Raymond Fosdick, and Dr. Edwin F. Gay has read and criticized the manuscripts. To both of these committees the trustees of the Carnegie Corporation are much indebted.

The purpose of the report is to give as clear a notion as possible of the methods of the agencies actually at work in this field and not to propose theories for dealing with the complicated questions involved.



I Immigrant Heritages
Heritages Defined
Illustrative Documents
Resulting Antagonisms

II    Heritages and Human Wishes
Four Fundamental Wishes
Primitive Regulation of Wishes
Adjustment to Individualistic Society

III   Immigrant Experiences
Change in Attitudes
Loss of Status

IV  Immigrant Demoralization
Early Stages
Extreme Cases

V    Immigrant Types
The Settler
The Colonist
The Political Idealist
The Allrightnick
The Caffone
The Intellectual


VI    Immigrant Institutions
First-Aid Institutions
Mutual Aid and Benefit Societies
Nationalistic Organizations
Cultural Institutions

VII  The Immigrant Community
The Italians
The Chinese
The Japanese
The Mexicans
The Jews
The Poles
The Bohemians
The Scandinavians

VIII Types of Community Influence
The Polish Community
The Jewish Community
The Italian Community

IX    Reconciliation of the Heritages
Required in a Democracy
Similarity of Heritages
Psychology of Assimilation
Tolerance versus Suppression
Immigrant Organization Valuable
Perpetuation of Groups Impossible


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