Daniel P. McCarthy

Department of Earth Sciences




Daniel P. McCarthy


Associate Professor

Ecologist with interests in lichenometry, alpine environmental change and the use of lichens in biomonitoring.

Biography

Career History

  • 2001–present: Associate Professor. Depts. of Earth Sciences and Biology, Brock University.
  • 1999–2001: Associate Professor, Depts. of Geography, Earth Sciences and Biology, Brock University.
  • 1995–1998: Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Brock University.
  • 1994–1995: Instructor (Continuing Position), Northwest Community College, Terrace, BC.
  • 1992–1994: Instructor (Probational), Northwest Community College, Prince Rupert, BC.
  • 1986–1992: Lecturer, Dept. of Geography, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Qualifications

  • 1986–93, Ph.D. Geography, University of Saskatchewan
  • 1980–85, M.Sc. Geography, University of Western Ontario
  • 1977–79, B.Sc. Geography / Biology, University of Alberta
  • 1976–77, Simon Fraser University

Teaching

  • ERSC/GEOG 2P09 Principles of Biogeography
  • ERSC/GEOG 3P33 Biodiversity
  • Biol/Ersc/Geog 3P85 Ecology of a Changing Planet
  • BIOL/ERSC Dendrochronology
  • ERSC/GEOG 3P35 Biomonitoring and environmental stress assessment

Research

Dan’s research has largely been focused on the use of lichens as indicators of surface age at glaciers in western Canada (lichenometry). For the last decade he has marked and repeatedly measured the radial growth of lichens and cushion plants at sites in the Canadian Rockies and Selkirks. In the last few years he has expanded his research to include the development and testing of lichen biomonitoring protocols in urban Ontario. He maintains close contact with researchers at Parks Canada and Environment Canada’s Ecological Monitoring Assessment Network and has recently begin collaborative work with the Ontario Ministry of the Environment using lichens as biomonitors.

Specific research interests and activities

  • Recent glacial and environmental change in Canada’s national parks.
  • Direct measurement of the radial growth and population dynamics of crustose lichens
  • Development and testing of protocols that use lichens as indicators of ambient air quality in Ontario

Research student supervision

  • Tulumello, P. in progress : Biomonitoring with lichens in Sarnia and Windsor Ontario. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Earth Sciences, Brock University. Main supervisor.
  • Henry, N. 2006: Arboreal lichen response to sulphur dioxide fumigation. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Redwing, V. 2006: Photosynthetic response to sulphur dioxide loading in arboreal lichens. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Ventresca, S. 2006: Estimation of copper, lead and nickel LD 50 values and their effects on photosynthesis in arboreal lichens. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Marshall, K. 2006: Impact of substrate pH on Photosystem II in arboreal lichens. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Mason, M. 2005: Estimation of copper and lead LD 50 values and the effects on photosynthesis in the lichen Parmelia sulcata . Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • VanWyck, K. 2005: Chlorophyll fluorescence studies on the lichen Parmelia sulcata . Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Kadir, S. 2004: Digital measurement of percentage arboreal lichen cover, Welland, Ontario. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Medeiros, A. 2003: The use of image analysis to measure lichen community development on the Illecillewaet Glacier forefield, Glacier National Park, BC. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • Burke, M. 1999: Composting of organic fast-food industry waste. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Environmental Sciences – Biology stream, Brock University. Co-supervisor
  • Sadowski, E.M. 1998: The biogeography of alpine amphibians. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Geography, Brock University. Main Supervisor.
  • VanRhee, M. 1998: Dendrochronological investigations at two sites in southwestern British Columbia. Honours B.Sc. thesis, Department of Geography, Brock University. Main Supervisor.

Publications

Research Articles

  • McCarthy, D.P., 2006. Lichenometry. p. 1399–1404, in: Scott A. Elias (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science . Oxford, Elsevier B.V.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 2003. Estimating lichenometric ages by direct and indirect measurement of radial growth: a case study of Rhizocarpon agg. at the Illecillewaet Glacier, British Columbia. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research . 35(2): 203–213.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 2002. Lichenometry: Nimis P.L., Scheidegger, C. and Wolseley, P.A. (eds.): Monitoring with Lichens; Monitoring Lichens, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 379–383.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 2001. Identification and use of geoindicators in Glacier and Mount Revelstoke National Parks. p. 38–42. In: Geoindicators for ecosystem monitoring in parks and protected areas. The proceedings of an international workshop, Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland., Sept.10–14, 2001. Parks Canada–Ecosystem Science Review Reports, Report 18.
  • McCarthy, D. P.,2001. Crustose lichens: chronometers of alpine environmental change. Research Links , 9: 4, 12–13.
  • McCarthy, D.P. and K. Zaniewski, 2001. Digital analysis of lichen cover: a technique for use in lichenometry and lichenology. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research , vol. 33: 107–113.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1999. A biological basis for lichenometry? Journal of Biogeography, 26: 379–386.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1997. Habitat selection and ecology of Xanthoria elegans (Link) Th. Fr. in glacier forefields: implications for lichenometry. Journal of Biogeography 24: 363–373
  • McCarthy, D.P. and D.J. Smith, 1995. Growth curves for calcium-tolerant lichens in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Arctic and Alpine Research , 27: 290–297.
  • Smith, D.J., D.P. McCarthy and M.E. Colenutt, 1995. Little Ice Age glacial activity in Peter Lougheed and Elk Lakes provincial parks, Canadian Rocky Mountains. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences , 32: 579–589.
  • Smith, D.J., D.P. McCarthy and B.H. Luckman, 1994. Snow avalanche impact landforms in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Arctic and Alpine Research , 26: 116–127.
  • Luckman, B.H., J.A. Matthews, D.J. Smith, D. McCarroll and D.P. McCarthy, 1994. Snow avalanche impact landforms: A brief discussion of terminology. Arctic and Alpine Research, 26: 128–129.
  • McCarthy, D.P. and D.J. Smith, 1994. Historical glacier activity in the vicinity of Peter Lougheed Provincial Park, Canadian Rocky Mountains. Western Geography , 4: 94–109.
  • McCarthy, D.P. and B.H. Luckman, 1993. Estimating ecesis for tree-ring dating of moraines: a comparative study from the Canadian Cordillera. Arctic and Alpine Research , 25: 63–68.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1992. Dating with cushion plants: establishment of a Silene acaulis growth curve in the Canadian Rockies. Arctic and Alpine Research , 24: 50–55.
  • McCarthy, D.P. , B.H. Luckman and P.E. Kelly, 1991. Sampling height–age error correction for spruce seedlings in glacial forefields, southern Canadian Cordillera. Arctic and Alpine Research , 23: 451–455.

Recent talks and published conference abstracts

  • McCarthy, D.P. , 2006. Monitoring air quality with lichens. Niagara Field Naturalists (Invited talk)
  • D. Sivanesan, D. H. S. Richardson, D. P. McCarthy, Dudley, M. M. Finkelstein, E. Nieboer and G. Sorger, 2005. Calibration of a simple lichen monitoring system in Hamilton, Ontario. 37 th Annual Air Pollution Workshop and International Symposium, April 25–28, Banff, Alberta.
  • McCarthy D.P. and H. Vaughan, 2004. Arboreal lichens: preliminary indicators of Hamilton air quality. Upwind Downwind: a practical conference on improving air quality. March 29–30, Hamilton Convention Center, Hamilton, Ontario.
  • McCarthy, D.P. , M. Petersen and E. Ebbett, 2004. Inventory and analysis of historical changes at 205 glaciers in the Selkirk Mountains, Glacier National Park, BC. Joint Annual Meeting, Geological Association of Canada and Mineralogical Association of Canada, May 12–14, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario. Program and Abstracts.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 2001. Identification and use of geoindicators in Glacier and Mount Revelstoke National Parks. International workshop on geoindicators for ecosystem monitoring in parks and protected areas. Gros Morne Park, Nfld., Sept. 10–14, 2001.
  • McCarthy, D.P. and K. Zaniewski, 2000. Low-cost image analysis of lichen cover. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Geographers, Brock University, May 2000.
  • McCarthy, D.P. 2000. Geobotanical investigations at the Illecillewaet Glacier. Columbia Mountains Institute of Applied Ecology, Annual Meeting, Revelstoke, British Columbia, April 2000. Program and Abstracts.
  • McCarthy, D.P. and K. Zaniewski, 1999. Use of a digital camera and an inexpensive GIS system for lichenometry. Canadian Association of Geographers Ontario Division. Annual Meeting, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, October 1999.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1999. Can the lichen Rhizocarpon geographicum live for 5000 years? Canadian Association of Geographers, Annual Meeting, Lethbridge, Alberta, May 1999. Program and Abstracts.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1998. Use of Adobe Photoshop in lichenometry and teaching. Canadian Association of Geographers, Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Ontario, May 1998. Program and Abstracts.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1996. The link between microscale and lichenometric age. Canadian Association of Geographers, Annual Meeting, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, May 11–15, 1996. Program and Abstracts.
  • McCarthy, D.P. 1996. Habitat selection and ecology of Xanthoria elegans in glacier forefields of the Canadian Rockies. American Bryological and Lichenological Section of the Biological Society of America – American Institute of Biological Sciences 47th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington; 4–8 August 1996.
  • Smith, D.J., D.P. McCarthy and M.E. Colenutt, 1994. Little Ice Age glacial activity in Peter Lougheed Provincial Park, Canadian Rocky Mountains. International Conference on Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity: Relationships and Processes. University of Arizona Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, May 17–21, 1994. Hotel Park, Arizona, U.S.A.
  • Smith, D.J. and D.P. McCarthy, 1991. Little Ice Age glacial activity in Peter Lougheed Provincial Park, Alberta. Canadian Association of Geographers, Annual Meeting, Kingston, Ontario, Program and Abstracts.
  • Smith, D.J. and D.P. McCarthy, 1991. Little Ice Age history of Sarrail Glacier, Alberta. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the Canadian Association of Geographers, March, 1991. Banff, Alberta. Program and Abstracts.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1990. New lichenometric data for use in dating late Holocene surfaces in the Canadian Rockies. 1990 CANQUA/AMQUA First Joint Meeting, June 4–6, 1990; Quaternary Sciences Institute, Waterloo, Ontario, Program and Abstracts, p. 25.
  • McCarthy, D.P., 1990. Lichenometric dating in the Canadian Rockies: problems and progress. Canadian Association of Geographers, Annual Meeting, Edmonton, Alberta, Program and Abstracts.
  • Smith, D.J., D.P. McCarthy and B.H. Luckman, 1990. Snow avalanche impact landforms in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Canadian Association of Geographers, Annual Meeting, Edmonton, Alberta, Program and Abstracts.

Funding & Activities

Funding

  • Ontario Ministry of the Environment (2005): Ontario Urban Lichen Monitoring Program.
  • City of Hamilton (2005): Arboreal lichen monitoring/survey.
  • Hamilton Community Foundation: McCallum McBride Fund (2005): Lichen monitoring in Hamilton
  • Salamander Foundation (2005) Lichen monitoring in Ontario.
  • NRCAN Geological Survey of Canada, Terrain Sciences, Glaciology Division and Parks Canada: Nahanni National Park: (2005): Ragged Range glacier inventory project.
  • Environment Canada: Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network (EMAN) (2004, 2005): Lichen monitoring protocols.
  • NRCAN Geological Survey of Canada, Terrain Sciences, Glaciology Division (2003)
  • Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies (2003): Measures in time exhibit.
  • Parks Canada: Glacier National Park: (2001–2003): Logistical support.
  • NSERC Individual Research Grant (1997–2000): Improving lichenometry for use in estimating the timing of glacial events and geological hazards.

Internal Activities

  • Joint Health and Safety Subcommittee: Asbestos Risk Management Committee, 2004–05.
  • BUFA representative: Brock University Joint Health and Safety Committee, 2003–06.
  • BUFA Committee on Working Environment, 2003–05.
  • Science Safety Committee, Brock University. 1996–2005.
  • BUFA Committee on the Terms and Conditions of Employment, 2003, 2006.
  • Research Committee, Brock University, 1998, 2001.
  • Technical Environmental Working Group. Region Niagara Planning and Development Department, 2000.
  • Senate Rules Committee : Brock University Faculty Association, 1997–98.
  • Field Trip Safety Subcommittee of Science Safety Committee, Brock University, 1999.
  • BUFA representative to: Campus Risk Management Committee, 2004–05.
  • Brock Department of Earth Sciences: Curriculum Committee, 2003–05.
  • Brock Department of Earth Sciences: Departmental Library Representative, 2003–06.
  • Ontario Graduate Research Scholarships Review Committee 2005.