Map, Data & GIS Library

Open Geospatial Data

Free geospatial data resources. Map Type indicates the source data type such as interactive, GIS data layers, or static images. If you require assistance or would like to request geospatial resources from the Maps, Data & GIS Library, please visit the Data Listing and submit a request form.

Municipal Open Data Websites offers a searchable index of open data sources across Canada.

Ontario | Ontario Regions/Cities | Western Provinces | Eastern Provinces
Canada | United States | World | Gazetteers | Tools

BACK to Maps & Geodata Collections

Ontario

Title

Map Type

Description
Land Information Ontario (LIO)
interactive
Interactive mapping of a variety of themes available through the LIO data warehouse. To acquire GIS layers please submit a request to Map Library staff.
OGSEarth
Google Earth / GIS
Use Google Earth to view OGS geology maps that are available from Geology Ontario (see below). Instructions for using OGSEarth.
Geology Ontario
static
Site provides access to all Ontario Geological Survey (OGS) maps, reports and datasets and over 75,000 private sector Assessment Files, as well as data on mineral occurrences, surface and underground drilling, lithogeochemical results, abandoned mines, bedrock topography, drift thickness, bedrock geology and other geological information for the province of Ontario. Over four hundred digital products containing field data, geophysical surveys, geochemical analyses and geochronological measurements are available for download.
Instructions for accessing OGS maps on the web.
Instructions for accessing OGS data on the web.
CLAIMaps
interactive
GIS
static
An interactive mapping tool that provides information on mining claims in Ontario. The site allows users to download map images as well as data in ESRI shapefile format.
Ontario Basic Mapping

interactive
GIS

An interactive interface that allows users to create customized views and download various provincial topographic mapping data. Layers include roads, water, municipal files, elevation, parks, conservation/wildlife areas and reserves. Instructions are available for downloading data.
Learn about other OBM resources here.
Ontario Road Network
interactive
GIS
A viewer provides interactive mapping with download options for Ontario roads. Download includes GIS and graphics data options. Details and packaged Niagara data are available through the Map Library's fact sheet.
Ontario Wind Resource Atlas

interactive
static

The atlas includes a map viewer and wind data generator that provides the public with thematic maps showing wind statistics as well as tables, charts and graphs.
Soil Surveys of Ontario
static
Page provides links to soil reports (PDF format) and maps (zipped JPEG format) for all soil surveys in Ontario. Agricultural land use maps (1980s) may also be available with this collection. GIS data layers may be downloaded from the Canadian Soil Information Systems site.
County Atlas Digital Project
static
This is a searchable database of the property owners' names which appear on the township maps in the county atlases. Township maps, portraits and properties have been scanned, with links from the property owners' names in the database.
Make a Topographic Map
interactive
The Ministry of Natural Resources has a web map application that you can use to make a custom map of any part of Ontario. The map shows topographic information,such as roads, trails, lakes, rivers, wooded areas, wetlands and provincial parks, as well as municipal and township boundaries. It has features similar to those on Google and Bing Maps that let you zoom in and out, find places and turn satellite imagery on or off. You can also add your own text and print the map you make. This map draws on data from the Land Information Ontario (LIO) Warehouse.
Agricultural Information Atlas
interactive
Create maps, find data and generate records with larger map views, faster responses, updated air photos and new user-friendly tools for simple and easy navigation. With the Agricultural Information Atlas, you can acquire agricultural information and create maps, such as how to:
- Find and view a location (How do I do this?)
- Create Tile Drainage Records (How do I do this?)
- Create a Nutrient Management Strategy or NSM Plan (How do I do this?)
- Download the placemat - PDF
View layers such as parcels, administrative boundaries, drain information (location, classification, connection, etc.), agricultural land information, contours, land use, soils, watersheds (secondary, tertiary, quaternary), power lines, petroleum wells, NTS 50K grid, OBM Map Sheet Index, and railways.

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Regions & Cities of Ontario

Title

Map Type

Description
NEW!
Open Data Niagara Region
GIS
Download GIS data layers for Niagara Region including cultural features, land use planning, recreation, transportation and more.
NEW!
Niagara Falls GIS Data
GIS
Download GIS data layers for the city of Niagara Falls including zoning, parks, golf courses and more. Interactive and PDF maps are available as well.
Niagara Data
GIS
A page developed by the Map Library offering links to download free GIS and mapping resources to the public.
Peterborough Data
GIS
A page developed by the Map Library offering links to download free GIS and mapping resources to the public.
Grand River Information Network (GRIN)
interactive
GIS
An interactive mapping tool and GIS data portal for information describing the Grand River watershed. Users are required to register before files can be downloaded.
Great Lakes Information Network
interactive
GIS
static
Site provides a centralized location to discover, publish, and acquire geospatial data for areas within the Great Lakes region.
Greenbelt Plan
and maps
static
Plan and maps are available for viewing or downloading in Adobe PDF format.
Hamilton iMapper
interactive
Site offers interactive mapping for the city including aerial photography, cultural features, public works, community services, etc.
Niagara Navigator
interactive
Interactive mapping including base layers plus orthoimagery (1934, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2010).
Niagara Escarpment Commission
static
Site offers PDF versions of the Niagara Escarpment Plan and page-size to poster-size versions of the plan maps. Additional details and statistics are also available.
Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
static
Site offers a variety of information regarding conservation areas, stream flow conditions (updated graphs) and floodplain mapping (PDF files) for the Niagara Peninsula Watershed.
City of Ottawa - Data Catalogue
GIS
A Collection of GIS layers for the capital city.
Toronto Bay Initiative
interactive
Site provides interactive mapping of the Toronto waterfront including an historical shoreline superimposed on current orthoimagery.
Toronto Social Atlas
static
This is a collection of census maps based on social demographic data for the City of Toronto. Mapped variables include ethnic origin, religious affiliation, visible minorities, home language, recent immigrants and low income.
Ontario Municipalities
interactive
static
Page lists homepages for municipalities/regions/counties in Ontario.

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Western Provinces

Title

Map Type

Description
Agri-maps (Manitoba)
interactive
Interactive map viewer. GIS data relating to agriculture and the agriculture industry can be displayed and customized to a certain degree. Data is not available for download.
GIS Map Gallery (Manitoba)
interactive
Interactive mapping tool for displaying mineral resources and related information for the province of Manitoba.
Manitoba's Mineral Resources
interactive
GIS
Site offers a variety of methods of viewing and accessing a wide range of geospatial information for the province of Manitoba. Resources are available through interactive mapping, direct download or referral to outside sources may be suggested. Data files include topographic information, land use, orthoimagery, forest inventory, place names, geology - to name a few. Users are required to register before accessing the site.
Community Mapping Network (British Columbia)
interactive
Interactive web mapping services providing layers of natural resources information and maps. Extensive metadata is available including details about acquiring GIS data layers. First time users must install the free Autodesk Mapguide Viewer.

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Eastern Provinces

Title

Map Type

Description
Nova Scotia Mineral Resources Branch
GIS
Site provides a selection of digital products for download featuring the geology of Nova Scotia.

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Canada

Title

Map Type

Description
ArchiviaNet
static
Site hosts a collection of over 4,000 digital images of historical maps and plans from the Library and Archives Canada collection. These images are available for online viewing.
Atlas of Canada
interactive
static
Site provides a wide range of interactive and static thematic maps of Canada. The site links to GeoGratis for data downloads.
Canadian Census Analyser (CHASS)
GIS
Site provides census data and documention for various years of the census of Canada. NOTE: access is limited to valid Brock University academia only.
Canada Land Use Monitoring Program (CLUMP)
GIS
CLUMP examines land use for major urban areas, including Niagara, from 1966 through 1986 on a five-year basis. The classification scheme consists of 15 classes which are based on air photo interpretation, field surveys and census information.
Canadian Wind Energy Atlas
interactive
static
This site features colour maps representing the average wind velocity and power for the whole country, procedures for generating different simulation maps, and a download section where data files are used to create custom simulations.
Canada's National Forest Inventory (CanFI)
interactive
static
The inventory is compiled approximately every five years by aggregating provincial and territorial forest management inventories and reconnaissance level information. An overview is available in PDF format.
CanMatrix
GIS
static
Scanned National Topographic Series (NTS) maps are georeferenced TIFF files and are available for download. Local CanMatrix maps for the greater Golden Horseshoe are available using the Brock University Map Library interface.
ESRI Canada
GIS
ArcGIS Explorer downloads; data downloads; webinar resources; on-line GIS and more.
GeoBase

GIS
WMS

Developed by the Canadian Council on Geomatics (CCOG), this portal offers easy access to satellite imagery, administrative boundaries, National Hydro Network, National Power Line Network, National Railway Network or the National Road Network.
GeoConnections
GIS
WMS
Geoconnections is a gateway to millions of geospatial data products and is the prime discovery and access component of the Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure (CGDI). Users may acquire data by browsing metadata records or searching by subject, coverage or product type to find, evaluate, visualize and access the geospatial data.
GeoGratis
GIS
static
WMS
Developed by Natural Resources Canada, this is a one stop shop for geospatial data, topographic and geoscience maps, images and scientific publications.  Easy to search, view and download, and completely FREE! This is the preferred site when collecting data from a wide variety of subjects and/or product types. Instructions for using GeoGratis are available.
Geography Network
GIS
WMS
The Geography Network (ESRI portal) Canada is an online resource for finding and sharing geographic content, including maps and data, from many of Canada's leading providers.
GeoSearch 2006
interactive
static
GeoSearch 2006 (Canada) provides an interactive tool for thematic mapping and searching 2006 census data. Instructions for obtaining census data using GeoSearch are available.
Historical Atlas of Canada
interactive
static
This site is an online learning project providing a rich environment in which one can explore a variety of historical themes and episodes in the history of Canada using interactive mapping tools, graphics and text.
International Map of the World
1:1 million (Canadian coverage)
static
Site offers this popular small scale topographic map series in JPEG and PDF versions as well as a zoomable web viewing interface.
The National Land and Water Information Service (NLWIS)
interactive
GIS
Site provides access to Web sites and interactive mapping tools and GIS layer downloads dealing with land, soil, water, climate and biodiversity resources in Canada. These sites will be useful to all who share a concern about the health and safety of food and water, the growing demand for new products, and about environmentally sustainable food production.
National Road Network
GIS
WMS
Site provides the most up-to-date road data for all of Canada. The data is available in ESRI shapefile format, free to download and is organized by province.
Toporama

interactive
WMS

Topographic mapping of Canada accessed through an interactive mapping environment. Detail of the maps is based on the 1:50,000 scale National Topographic Database (NTDB) produced by Natural Resources Canada.

Statistics Canada:
E-STAT
interactive
E-STAT is a Statistics Canada database available to the educational community. Generate dynamic tables, customize graphs and maps using Statistics Canada's Census of Population and socioeconomic data. Instructions for creating census maps using E-STAT are available.
GeoSearch 2006 (Canada)
interactive
This site provides an interactive tool for thematic mapping and searching 2006 census data. Instructions for using GeoSearch are available.
Community Profiles (2006)
static
A profile tool that offers a summary of census information based on a community of your choice.
2006 Cumulative Profile and Release Components
data statistics
This site offers direct download of census tables in HTML and Beyond 2020 format. Data at the Dissemination Area level are restricted to Brock University academia only. See staff for assistance.
Other 2006 Census Data Products
data statistics
Products include: Highlight tables; Topic-based tabulations; Aboriginal population profile; Census tract (CT) profiles; Federal electoral district (FED) profile; Special interest profiles; Profile for Statistical Area Classification; Census trends and 2006 Profile of Aboriginal Children, Youth and Adults.
2001 Cumulative Electronic Profiles
data statistics
Listing of all profile series data for the 2001 census. Useful for acquiring data at the census division and subdivision levels.
Statistics Canada Census boundary files
GIS
GIS layers reflecting boundaries of standard geographic areas.
NOTE: access is limited to valid Brock University academia only.
Canadian Census Analyser (CHASS)
GIS
University of Toronto portal for Statistics Canada Census data.
Health Profile
GIS
Health region data from a number of sources including health surveys and the census.
Health Region Boundary Files
GIS
Health region boundaries including Public health units and Local Health Integration Network.

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The United States


Title

Map Type

Description
TopoQuest
GIS
Site offers USGS and Canadian 1:50K topographic maps in GeoTIFF format.
USGS Store
static
Site offers maps, Federal Recreation passes, scientific reports, educational materials, and much more for direct download.
National Map Viewer
interactive
WMS
Site offers interactive mapping, GIS data download and GeoPDFs for topographic mapping of the United States.
National Atlas (USA)
interactive
Site offers interactive mapping plus a range of static maps in PDF and GIF format covering a variety of subject matter.
GeoCommunity Marketplace - GIS Data Depot
GIS
The data depot provides a variety of GIS layers for the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau
interactive
GIS
Site offers details, interactive mapping and data download for the American Census.

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World

Title

Map Type

Description
Google Maps
interactive
An interactive world road map with satellite imagery viewing options for the entire globe. Use Google search power to find street addresses, cities, countries and other locations of interest. Streetview offers 360 degree views from selected streets around the world, though coverage of Canada is non-existant, our neighbours to the south is well represented as well as popular cities in Europe and Australia. Sign up with Google and create customized maps to share with others via email or a website. Instructions are available.
Google Earth
interactive
software
A free software download providing a variety of geographic information on a satellite imagery base. Upgrades are available at a cost offering extra features such as importing GIS data layers, database files or data directly from a GPS unit. Instructions are available.
Live Search Maps
interactive
Microsoft's version of Google Maps and offers a seemless road map with aerial views as well as "Bird's Eye Views" of key locations. Aerial coverage compliments Google maps coverage in some parts of the world (i.e.Niagara Region coverage is seemless). Traffic layers offer real-time Canadian content and indicates locations of accidents with details such as estimated "end times".
ArcGIS Resource Center
GIS

Free maps and data are available to use with ArcGIS projects. Download and add 'live' layers directly from the ESRI server. Connection to the Internet is required to use the layer files.

ArcGIS Explorer Online
Cloud GIS
Use ArcGIS software 'in the cloud'. Save mapping projects, data layers in the cloud and share with the public, specific groups or make access restricted. Free ESRI Global Account required.
Earth Science Data Interface
(University of Maryland)
RS
Access remote sensing data of the world captured by various sensor platforms. These data are freely available for direct download. A tutorial is available.
DIVA-GIS
GIS

This site offers direct download for most countries across the world. Includes administrative areas, inland water, roads, railroads, elevation, land cover, population in shapefile, Grid or DBF format. Source data is mainly Digital Chart of the World.

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NOTE: The Brock University Map Library accepts no responsibility for the accuracy and/or integrity of the resources found on the Internet - this includes potential harm that data or applications may cause to your research or computer hardware.

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