Researchers - A to Z Listing
Jack and Nora Walker Canadian Centre for Lifespan Development Research
Researchers - A to Z Listing
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Dr. Arnell is a cognitive psychologist who studies attentional limitations in dual-task situations, in particular an effect known as the attentional blink. She uses both behavioural response measures and event-related electrical brain potentials to examine the nature of attentional limitations in normal healthy brains. She is also interested in how the emotional impact of a stimulus can alter normal attentional functioning in dual-task paradigms.
Dr. Ashton studies the differences among individuals in their psychological characteristics. Much of his research is aimed at finding a few basic personality traits that can summarize the wide variety of personalities that people have, and at measuring those traits more accurately. Other research by Dr. Ashton has focused on methods of measuring personality, on the role of personality in predicting behaviour, and on the relations of personality traits with mental abilities and with political attitudes.
Dr. Belicki is a clinical psychologist studying the impact of childhood trauma and abuse on adult functioning. This led to one of her current interests: The study of forgiveness and forgiveness-seeking, with a focus on different forms of forgiveness and their relation to well-being. In addition, she is returning to the study of dreams and nightmares, and is beginning a new research program examining dream content following trauma. Dr. Belicki also has an enduring interest in the points of convergence and divergence between psychology and theology.
Dr. Bogaert is Professor of Health Sciences and Psychology. He has taught human sexuality courses at the university level for over 20 years. He has published on various aspects of human sexuality, including on the development of sexual orientation, the coming out experience in sexual minorities, gender differences in sexuality, and on asexuality. He is the author of the recent book Understanding Asexuality. He is also the recipient of Brock University Chancellor’s Chair for Research Excellence and the Distinguished Researcher and Creativity Award at Brock.
Broadly, I am interested in the area of Forensic Psychology. More specifically, my research interests focus on psychopathy and its relationship with a number of variables that relate directly to victim selection. These variables include emotion perception, successful deception/manipulation, and accuracy of vulnerability judgments.
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Dr. Bosacki is a faculty member in Education whose teaching and research interests include sociocognitive, emotional, moral, and spiritual development within diverse cultural and educational contexts. Her specific interests focus on the socioemotional world of grade-schoolers within the classroom. Dr. Bosacki's current research projects include the exploration of how children's ability to understand human thoughts and feelings connects with their self-conceptions, peer relations, and language competence within the grade school setting. She is an associate editor of the International Journal of Children's Spirituality and is the author of the following books entitled The culture of classroom silence, and Children's emotional lives: Sensitive shadows in the classroom.
One aspect of our research focuses on “subjective well-being” (SWB; Diener, 1984), which is typically defined in terms of three main components: high life satisfaction, frequent experiences of positive affect, and infrequent negative affect. We are interested in several questions concerning SWB, including how its three components fit together, as well as the causes, correlates, and consequences of SWB. Another aspect of our research focuses on how people evaluate their SWB as unfolding over time, that is, their beliefs concerning their past, current, and anticipated future well-being. We are particularly interested in the sources and potential implications of these beliefs with respect to adaptive functioning. We are interested in understanding these issues from a lifespan perspective, drawing on experiences and findings based on people of various ages, from adolescence through older adulthood.Find more information here.
Dr. Chalmers' primary research interest is adolescent gambling and related risk-taking behaviours. Her specific interests include resilience, gaining a better understanding of the development of gambling problems, the predictors of various levels of gambling involvement along the gambling continuum, and the risk and protective factors related to gambling. In addition, she is interested in gender differences related to participation in risk-taking behaviours and the decision-making processes of youth in risk-taking situations.
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Today, many people intentionally cut down on sleep in order to make more time in the day for work and social demands. In addition, many people experience sleep disorders that disrupt sleep onset, sleep maintenance, or sleep efficiency. In all of these cases, the sleeper is experiencing a type of partial sleep loss. You need not pull and all-nighter to feel the ill effects on the next day! It is important to understand the extent of neurophysiological impairment resulting from this degree of sleep loss and the corresponding effect on daytime performance. This has widespread implications for work and scholastic performance, driving safety, military operations, and quality of life.
In order to investigate this relationship between sleep and daytime functioning, I employ a host of measures, including behavioural, EEG and event-related potentials (ERPs), which complement one another in the investigation of brain function and human behaviour. ERPs may be used to investigate cognitive processes that are associated with changing levels of arousal, such as speed of processing and attention. Both EEG and ERPs may be recorded from multiple electrode sites across the scalp, providing a topographic picture or map of on-going brain activity.
This general approach allows for investigation of moment-to-moment changes in brain physiology and performance during varying levels of sleepiness. These methods allow me to investigate a number of fascinating questions. Current research projects in the laboratory include: daytime consequences of continuous sleep restriction; effects of sleep fragmentation on daytime functioning; brain processing during sleep onset in healthy adults and patients with insomnia; the role of sleep in memory consolidation; and the benefits of a daytime nap across the lifespan.
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Dr. Dane's research interests centre around the study of aggression, victimization and antisocial behaviour in children and adolescents, with particular attention to differential predictors of proactive, reactive and relational subtypes of aggression, as well as distinctions between pure aggressors, pure victims and aggressive-victims. A major focus of his research is the interplay of parenting, peer factors, child temperament and social-cognitive biases in the development of these behavioural, social and emotional outcomes. The ultimate objective of this research is to delineate critical developmental pathways that might be amenable to intervention.
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Dr. Dwivedi is a neurolinguist who studies the "neurocognition" of language, examining how the healthy brain comprehends language in real time. Her research examines how the brain understands the meaning of words and sentences in particular contexts by investigating electrophysiological responses (EEG) to language processing. This comprehension requires using information from our real-world experience as well as the grammar of our particular language. Identifying these different sources of information, and how they interact during normal linguistic processing, is important for interpreting and treating clinical language disorders, as well as explaining changes in how the brain perceives language as it ages.
The overall objective of Dr. Emrich's research is to examine how the brain processes visual information. In particular, he is interested in understanding how it is that neural activity can give rise to conscious perception. To address this question, his research focuses on the limited nature of visual short-term (working) memory and attention, as well as by examining how these capacity-limited processes may support conscious perception. Dr. Emrich's research also explores the ways in which visual short-term memory and attention interact in everyday tasks (e.g., visual search). Dr. Emrich is also interested in how these processes function in special populations (e.g., older adults, mild traumatic brain injury). To answer these questions, he uses a combination of behavioural methods, neuroimaging (fMRI), and electrophysiological methods (EEG/ERPs).
Dr. Evans is a developmental psychologist that focuses on the influence of children's social and cognitive development on their moral understanding and behaviour. As the principal investigator of the Social-Cognitive Development Lab, Dr. Evans uses experimental methods to systematically study children's understanding of deception and their actual deceptive behaviours both in the laboratory and in the field. She also examines cultural factors that influence children's understanding and evaluation of lies in different contexts, as well as their actual lie-telling behaviours. Additionally, she is interested in issues related to child eyewitness testimony such as children's competency, credibility, and our ability to detect their lies.
Bareket Falk is an exercise physiologist, whose research is on children’s responses to exercise and the physiological effects that physical training may have on children. Physical activity during youth can be very beneficial for adults’ cardiovascular and bone health. In fact, physical activity can unmistakably result in better bone development during youth, which is believed to promote bone health and strength in adulthood and thus, reducing the risk of osteoporosis. The mechanisms by which physical activity and exercise enhance bone health, are not clear. More importantly, it is unclear whether these mechanisms are similar in children and in adults.
Brent E. Faught
Dr. Faught is an epidemiologist whose research focus is in physical activity epidemiology. Specifically, he examines the relation between habitual physical activity patterns and their relational risk to diseases such as obesity, depression and coronary heart disease. His current research is on the incidence and co-morbidity of children who suffer from developmental coordination disorder. Dr. Faught is also the principal investigator of two longitudinal studies examining the potential risk of injury in children playing hockey as a result of body checking. He is co-author of the book Clinical Exercise Physiology Laboratory Techniques.
Dr. Feldman is a scientist-practitioner with expertise in child maltreatment, parenting, behaviour disorders, autism and developmental disabilities. He is a leading expert in parenting by persons with intellectual disabilities, having designed and scientifically validated a parent education program emulated worldwide. He is Director of the Centre for Applied Disability Studies which offers specialization in Applied Behaviour Analysis. Currently, he is co-Principal Investigator (with Frances Owen) of the 3Rs Human Rights Training Project for Persons with intellectual disabilities. Dr. Feldman is editor of Early Intervention: The Essential Readings, and co-editor of a forthcoming series on Appropriate Practice for Persons with Developmental Disabilities Who Have Mental Health Needs.
Dr. Frijters is an applied developmental psychologist with an interest in the interface between academic skills and non-cognitive determinants of skill growth. This work extends into the area of learning disabilities, investigating how children's motivation, self-regulatory skills and alliance with remedial teachers help them benefit from remedial reading instruction. Conducted at the Hospital for Sick Children within the Learning Disabilities Reading Project, this work is part of ongoing collaboration with school boards throughout Ontario and academic partners in the U.S. Dr. Frijters also has a passion for quantitative research methods, especially for techniques such as multilevel modeling, person-centered, and structural approaches that can help sort out how developmental processes unfold over time and within specific learning contexts.
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Dr. Good is a clinical neuropsychologist whose research is on how processing constraints involved in cognition, reasoning, and memory ability impact community living and daily function in neurologically compromised individuals, with the goal of improving currently inadequate indices of cognitive reasoning and executive function. Of special interest are such influences on applied, practical and functional abilities, e.g., predictors for decision making, social competency and development of relationships, ability to live independently and successfully in the community. In addition, her research is focused on understanding the current education base of professionals who work with individuals who have neurological compromise in practical settings - educational systems, rehabilitation settings, community integration - and then identifying strategies and the means of applying these techniques to improve the ability for professionals to more successfully address the needs and required services of persons with neurological challenges. Dr. Good regularly co-teaches the internationally renowned neuropsychology training program sponsored by Brock University and the Ontario Brain Injury Association.
Dr. Griffiths has extensive experience in working on clinical issues regarding dual diagnosis (persons who are developmentally disabled and have mental health issues). Her specific expertise is in the area of sexual abuse and offence, aggression and self-injury, and social skills training with persons with developmental disabilities. She is currently researching Human Rights and persons with intellectual disabilities. Dr. Griffiths is notably recognized for her books Changing Sexually Inappropriate Behavior, Dual Diagnosis, Demystifying Syndromes, and Ethical Dilemmas of Sexuality and Developmental Disabilities.
My primary research area is the social psychology of justice. I am particularly interested in the concept of the belief in a just world (i.e., the belief that people get what they deserve). Previous research has examined the implications of this belief for observers' reactions to innocent victims. I have expanded on this work in several ways. First, I have investigated how the belief in a just world affects perceptions of and responses to one's own misfortune rather than the misfortune of others. I have also investigated the function that this belief might play in daily life. Finally, I have tried to show evidence that it is specifically the injustice of innocent suffering that leads to defensive responses to innocent victims (and not, for example, simply the presence of negative outcomes). I am continuing to conduct research on these and related issues.
I have also done some work recently on the notion of scope of justice, or the boundary within which justice is seen as applicable. For example, my colleagues and I are attempting to apply new methodologies to answer the question, When and for what target groups is justice a relevant consideration in social interaction? Finally, I am interested in the predictors of social action as well as the reasons for inaction in the face of injustice.
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Dr. Hodson is a social psychologist who examines intergroup relations, with an emphasis on stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. He focuses particularly on how individual differences and personality relate to social exclusion. His research typically explores the multifarious precursors of prejudice, including both cognitive (e.g., group representations) and emotional (e.g., anxiety, disgust, empathy) factors. Recent research has focused on methods to improve intergroup attitudes and relations.
Panagiota (Nota) Klentrou
Dr. Panagiota (Nota) Klentrou is an exercise physiologist and her research focuses on the effects of exercise and training on health and performance, primarily in youth. Research has covered a range of topics in health pediatric physiology, including exercise interventions, osteoporosis prevention and management, temperature regulation, and exercise immunology. Dr. Klentrou has been a consultant for national health boards, and is a scientific advisor on developmental issues in the International Federation of Gymnastics.
Dr. Lawrance’s research addresses cigarette smoking among teens and young adults, with particular attention to personal, social and environmental factors that can influence intentions and behaviours to quit smoking. She is co-Director and principal investigator of a comprehensive, multi-campus tobacco control initiative that combines programming, service delivery and policy advocacy with applied research. The initiative now operates at every university and most colleges in Ontario (visit www.LeaveThePackBehind.org). Of note, she collaborates with multi-disciplinary teams of educators, health professionals and researchers in all of her work.
Dr. Chunlei Lu teaches and studies health education and physical education. His research evolves from the overlapped areas of health, education, culture, and physical activity. More specifically, he is interested in the wholistic health, mindfulness, Eastern and Western approach to health and physical activity, comprehensive school health, comprehensive school physical activity programs, children and adolescent enjoyment and habit development of physical activity, physical activity in early childhood education, Chinese immigrant health, and easy-play model for lifelong sports.
Dr. Mahy is a developmental psychologist whose research focuses on the development of future-oriented cognition. Her research examines the development of prospective memory and episodic foresight in early childhood and old age. The goal of her research program is a better understanding of the processes that support future oriented cognition and factors that affect its development. She is particularly interested in how executive functions and understanding of one’s mind are involved in remembering to carry out one’s future intentions and accurately imagining one’s own future.
Dr. Mantonakis’s research centers on understanding psychological factors that affect consumer behaviour. Some recent findings show that solving a puzzle (a skill-testing question on a contest ballot, for instance) can lead to increased brand recognition and preference, the simple order of sampling (e.g., of wine at a winery), can influence which option is chosen as the favourite, and that a brief pause between a tagline and brand, in digital media for example, can lead to increased brand recognition and preference.
Dr. Marini is a developmental psychologist, and a full Professor of Child and Youth Studies. His research interests focus on the area generally known as sociocognitive development. Dr. Marini does research, writes and lectures on issues related to family and school conflicts, bullying and victimization, the development of self-regulation and civility.
Dr. Marinos has research experience in the areas of crime, and sentencing and punishment for both young and adult offenders in Canada. Her expertise is specifically in the area of non-custodial punishments, public attitudes towards sentencing and punishment, and reforming the sentencing process. Her research work stems from a multidisciplinary perspective on crime and her studies in criminology, sociology, and law. Her co-authored book is entitled Youth Crime and the Youth Justice System in Canada: A Research Perspective.
Dr. Martini’s research interests centre on the social and cognitive aspects of parent-child relationships across the lifespan (e.g., feelings of control within the relationship, perspective taking abilities, goals that are pursued when interacting with the other person and attributions that are made about their actions). More recently, she has also investigated how emotion affects the quality of parent-child relationships, with particular emphasis on the expression and control of emotions, and meta emotional philosophy (i.e., our thoughts and feelings about particular emotions - for example, do you think that anger is destructive and do you feel upset when it is expressed, or do you think that it is healthy to express anger, and not feel bothered by such displays?). For the most part, Dr. Martini has focused on how these variables are associated with the quality of older parent-adult child relationships and children’s social and emotional development.
Dr. McCormick is a developmental psychobiologist and neuroscientist who focuses on the effects of stress and sex hormones on brain development. Although there is ample evidence of gender differences in psychopathology (e.g., more men use drugs but women who use drugs are more likely to become abusers; more women than men suffer from mood disorders, etc.), most clinical and preclinical research has focused on males only. Dr. McCormick’s research has shown that the evidence obtained from one sex does not readily translate to the other. Currently, her primary research focus involves the use of animal models to investigate the extent to which stressors modify ongoing brain development over adolescence and potentially render the individual more susceptible to drug abuse and mood disorders. She also investigates the mechanisms that underlie the sex-specific effects of stressors. Dr. McCormick is a Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Neuroscience.
Dr. McGarrell is an applied linguist who studies text development and vocabulary use in learners of English as a Subsequent Language (ESL). Dr. McGarrell's research investigates linguistic features of texts created by or for learners of ESL and how these features relate to language learning and teaching. Current work focuses on two areas: how the use of cohesive devices in graduate and undergraduate ESL student writing differs from that in native speakers, both student and expert writers, and how the use of lexical strings in ESL and native speaker writing compares. Insights inform second language acquisition theory, composition theory, corpus linguistics as well as aspects of pedagogy.
Dr. McNamara is an educational psychologist interested in studying the developmental health of children and youth with learning disabilities. Currently his research involves working with the Kindergarten Screening Project. This project includes 3 school divisions and a research team who are working to develop and implement an assessment tool to identify young children who are at-risk for reading failure in kindergarten. Other areas of research include neurological and environmental risk and protective factors associated with dyslexia and developmental health of children with reading disabilities.
Dr. Mondloch’s research interests centre on the development of various aspects of face processing and the role of early experience in mediating that development. Faces convey a wealth of information in our daily social interactions - information about the identity of individuals, their emotions, their gender and race, their direction of gaze. Her research program involves developing tasks that tap various components of face processing in adults and then adapting those tasks in order to test infants and children. These tasks allow her research team to answer a variety of questions: how sensitive are children to various emotional expressions? To what extent does our perception of emotional expressions depend on other facial characteristics (e.g., race, direction of eye gaze)? How do social categories affect face recognition and perceptions of facial attractiveness? She investigates the specificity of results by testing children and adults with a variety of stimuli in addition to human faces (e.g., hierarchical shapes, monkey faces, and ambiguous patterns).
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Dr. Murphy examines how sleepiness alters brain function and people's performance during both simple and more challenging tasks. His recent research has looked at unintentional sleep onset (falling asleep while intending to remain awake) and several electrocortical indices of brain functioning during 20 hours of sleep deprivation and how they relate to behavioural performance. Other projects he has currently involved with include investigating when we become consciously aware of errors and the effect of sleep deprivation on risk assessment as measure through a gambling task.
Dr. Owen is a psychologist working on issues related to the interface between organizational systems and clinical practice in children's mental and services for people who have intellectual disabilities. Currently, she is working with colleagues on systemic approaches to the teaching and support of human rights for persons with intellectual disabilities. She also investigates the nature of resource allocation and service access in families of preschool children who have communication delays. Her interest in organizational issues includes a focus on ways to prepare professionals for the world of work. She has co-authored books in the areas of organizational behaviour and management, co-edited a book on issues related to the human rights of people with intellectual disabilities and has co-authored articles articles related to counsellor training, abuse prevention and human rights promotion in persons with intellectual disabilities.
Dr. Raby's reserarch draws on post-structural and critical theories to examine the childhood and adolescences, particularly how they are experienced by children and adolescents themselves and how they are intersected by gender, race, class and sexuality. Her research interests include: discourses of childhood and adolescence, their effects and contradictions; teenagers' experiences and perceptions of adolescence; gender, race, class and sexual orientation as they intersect in the lives of young people; theorizing resistance and rights; the discipline, governance and regulation of youth; young people's agency and participation; gender and sexuality in childhood and youth; global childhood; and social inequality.
She has recently completed a SSHRC-funded investigation of secondary school dress and discipline codes: how the language they use produces certain assumptions about young people and ideal workers, how they are applied by staff, and how they are received and negotiated by students. Her more recent SSHRC-funded study (with Shauna Pomerantz) school is entitled, "Smart Girls: Negotiating Academic Success in a 'Post-Feminist' Era and examines the intersections between gender and high academic achievment in high school. As well as being a faculty member in CHYS, she am also a member of the MA Program in Social Justice and Equity Studies, and on the Faculty Steering Committee of the Social Justice Research Institute.
Lynn A. Rempel
Dr. Rempel's research interests involve understanding health behaviour decision-making, the impact of social influence, such as that of partners, family members, and social groups, on health behaviour, and the development and evaluation of health promotion interventions. She is currently focusing on understanding and changing breastfeeding intentions and behavior and the role and influence of fathers in the breastfeeding family. She is also interested in the development of theory-based health promotion interventions and have conducted research using the Reasons Model and the Theory of Planned Behavior.
The overall direction of Dr. Rose-Krasnor’s research program is to understand the development of social competence in children and youth, with a special interest in the role of youth engagement in the development of social competence and adjustment, especially among socially withdrawn youth. She is a co-investigator in a large longitudinal study of activity involvement of young children, as well as studies of teachers’, coaches’ and activity leaders’ views of shyness. In addition, she is involved in studies focused on better understanding the process of youth involvement and strategies for promoting greater youth engagement in activities and organizations.
Dr. Segalowitz is a developmental psychologist and neuroscientist, integrating different theoretical approaches in the study of the child. His research paradigm uses electrical brain wave patterns (EEG) to study how the brain responds to attention demands and thinking challenges. His developmental work focuses on the responses of the anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex (ERN, Nogo N2, FRN) that are central to controlling attention, their development across childhood, and how they relate to an individual's personality, such as the propensity to take risks and experience empathy, especially in late adolescence. He is also currently examining how the brain responds to visual information, such as emotional faces. Some of his work will examine individuals with mental health issues undergoing treatment, using the ERP indices as outcome measures. Dr. Segalowitz recently retired as Editor of the journal Brain and Cognition after 12 years in that role. His latest books are Adolescent Brain Development: Implications for Behavior (with M. Jetha) and Developmental Psychophysiology (with L. Schmidt).
Dr. Shulman is a developmental psychologist who studies the transition from childhood to adulthood. She is particularly interested in the features of normative adolescent development that contribute to elevated levels of reward-seeking and risk-taking behaviour during this period of life. Her work also considers the legal and policy implications of recognizing that psychological immaturity contributes to risky behaviour, including crime.
Dr. Tardif-Williams is a developmental psychologist whose main research examines parent-child interactions and communication, with a particular emphasis on adolescent conflict and independence. Her other research interests include social-emotional development across the lifespan, the influence of changing cultural contexts on parent-child communication, and research methodology, all of which reflect her background in cognitive and developmental psychology. Dr. Tardif-Williams is currently involved in two research projects, one that explores the impact of acculturation disparity on the quality of communication among Chinese-Canadian immigrant mothers and their children and one that examines the impact of various methodologies (e.g., role-playing, drama, interactive technology) in educating individuals who have intellectual disabilities (and their family members) about their human rights, respect and responsibilities. Dr. Tardif-Williams also chairs the organizing committee for the annual Niagara Parenting Conference.
Dr. Tarulli is a developmental psychologist with interests in the social and cultural foundations of child and youth development. His recent work draws on dialogical, hermeneutic, and narrative frameworks that emphasize the interplay of cultural tools and individual agency in the formation of identity. Dr. Tarulli has used this multi-disciplinary framework for examining a variety of topics, including children's play, private speech, child rights, and intellectual disabilities.
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Dr. Vause has completed her doctorate in clinical psychology, and works in behavioral assessment and intervention for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and at-risk pediatric populations (e.g., stress and emotional disorders). Her research interests lie in the areas of intensive behavioral intervention, discrimination learning, and treating obsessive compulsive disorder in children and youth with high functioning autism and Asperger's syndrome.
Dr. Volk is an evolutionary developmental psychologist interested in parenting. His broad goal is to understand how parents and children influence each other. His current work is split between infants and adolescents. His infant work focuses on how infant and child faces influence adults' reactions to them. His adolescent research focuses on aggression (bullying/psychopathy) and athletics, with an emphasis on how parents can influence both.
Dr. Wade is a sociologist focusing on the sociology of health. His major research employs a longitudinal, multi-disciplinary perspective investigating the social and structural determinants of health and development, focusing on life-course trajectories that lead to a variety of childhood, adolescent, and adult outcomes. Thus, he examines a broad array of mental and physical health problems and examines the processes through which socio-economic disadvantage influences these outcomes, with the goal of identifying aspects that may lend themselves to intervention to alter these adverse life-course trajectories. Dr. Wade is the Canada Research Chair in Youth and Wellness.
Dr. Wang's research focuses on consumer psychology, marketing communications, branding and word-of-mouth marketing in virtual communities. One of his research streams investigates how counterfactual thinking, a mental simulation process of reflecting upon past events and generating alternative possible outcomes, influences consumer information processing and persuasion (e.g., advertisement preferences, health choices and behaviors) in subsequent consumption settings. He also conducts research examining how to advance the use social networks to enhance word-of-mouth marketing and consumer protection in virtual communities.
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Dr. Welland is a speech-language pathologist whose research focuses most broadly on how communication changes during typical and atypical adult aging. More specifically, his research seeks answers to the following questions, among others:
(a) How might comprehension of verbal and nonverbal information differ between younger and older adults with and without acquired brain damage (e.g., people with aphasia, traumatic brain injury, dementias)?
(b) To what extent does nonverbal communication (especially gestures) contribute to receivers? comprehension and/or memory of the sender?s message, and how might the relationship change with typical and atypical aging?
(c) How might verbal and nonverbal information be produced differently by younger versus older adults with and without acquired brain damage?
(d) To what extent does nonverbal communication (especially gestures) contribute to the speaker?s ability to express his/her thoughts, and how might this relationship change with typical and atypical aging?
(e) In what way(s) do people change their style of communication when speaking to older versus younger adults, and when speaking to adults who have difficulty communicating versus those who communicate with ease?
(f) How effective are supported communication strategies when used with people who have severe aphasia, and might these strategies also be effectively used to ease the communication burden on caregivers of older people with dementia?
Dr. Willoughby is a developmental psychologist. Her research primarily concerns adolescent resilience, particularly with regard to academic underachievement, risk behaviours, optimal experiences, and media/technology influences on lifestyle choices. A better understanding of resilience could suggest how and why lowered achievement and risk behaviours persist and escalate among some adolescents, but decrease and discontinue among others. The goal of her research program is to examine the relation between developmental pathways and protective factors that promote and strengthen adolescent well-being. Another research thrust concerns the impact of technology-based environments on social interaction and learning. Dr. Willoughby is the Director of the Brock Research Institute for Youth Studies.
Dr. Zinga is a cognitive-developmental psychologist whose research focuses on the accommodation of culture within educational settings and children's rights within educational contexts. Her work has focused on examining how children and adolescents conceptualize and perceive their educational experiences within the context of culture and children's rights. She is particularly interested in aboriginal education issues, multiculturalism within education, and cyber-bullying. Dr. Zinga is involved in several major research projects that include: “The Student Success Research Consortium Project ” - a collaborative aboriginal research initiative, “Welcoming communities: Working to improve the inclusion of visible minorities and immigrants in second and third tier Ontario cities” CURA project, and collaboration with Dr. Shaheen Shariff's cyber-bullying research program.
Barbra Zupan is a speech and language pathologist who studies the effect of various therapy approaches on the speech perception skills of children with sensori-neural hearing impairment, particularly the effects of auditory-verbal therapy. Her focus is on how speech perception skills develop and change following early diagnosis of hearing loss and early intervention. Further reasearch includes emotional recognition and the development of treatment programs for adults with traumatic brain injury and who have difficulty with recognizing affect in the face, voice, and text.