The Study of Sociology in Institutions of Learning in the United States
IV. Catalogue of Courses in Sociology — continued.
Frank L. Tolman
University of Chicago
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AND SOCIOLOGY.
5. History of social theory. A historical and critical analysis of the principal theories of social reconstruction from the early utopias to the various forms of modern anarchy and socialism.
6. Private property rights. The origin of private property rights and their subsequent modifications in civilized society, with special reference to present problem of land tenure and to public ownership and management of monopolies.
9. Genesis of the industrial order. An ethnological study of industry, including the earliest forms of the division of labor, the domestication of animals and plants the rise of slavery, the use of money, etc. Seminary course.
10. Development of industrialism. This course will treat of the rise of a new industrial order as an outcome of the industrial revolution, of the factory system, its development in the growth of capitalism and in the organization of labor, involving combinations, trusts, monopolies, and trade unions. Seminary course.
SETON HALL COLLEGE.
8. Sociology. Society in general ; domestic society; marriage and divorce ; education; origin and nature of civil society; forms of government; international law. Professor Hedges.
PRESIDENT DAVIS, MR. SORENSEN, AND MR. W. A. TITSWORTH.
4. Sociology. A study is made of the sources of sociological data. The family,. the community, the city, the social functions, organs, and especially social ethics, are investigated. The aim of the course is to direct the student toward a practical and amicable adjustment of the present sociological questions. The seminary method is, pursued, and a large amount of written work is required from members of the class.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND POLITICS.
46. Social history. The origin and growth of society as disclosed in the development of the family and civil and religious institutions. Text-books: Tylor's. Anthropology and Morris's Aryan Race, with readings from Lubbock, Tylor, and Giddings.
49. Sociology. A study of social institutions, with special reference to American conditions. Social problems and their proposed solutions. Among the subjects discussed are immigration, problems of city life, employment of women and children, factory legislation, defective and delinquent classes, socialism. References : Ward's Outlines of Sociology, Fairbanks's Introduction to Sociology, Wright's Practical Sociology, Blackmar's History and Sociology, Spencer's Principles of Sociology, Giddings's Elements of Sociology, Smith's Statistics and Sociology.
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
Sociology. Outline study of social evolution, involving analysis of past and present societies, of projected ideal societies, and a determination of the requisites of social survival, social efficiency, and social control.
COLLEGE OF ST. FRANCIS XAVIER.
Special ethics includes private ownership, communism, socialism, agrarian socialism, Henry George's theories. The combination of capital and labor organizations.
Domestic society: Matrimony, divorce, celibacy, education. Civil society: The nature and scope of civil society. Hobbes, Rousseau, the schoolmen. Aim and scope of civil government. Hobbes, Rousseau, Kant.
Special ethics includes, int. al., the following topics: society in general —nature and constituent elements of society, social activity; the family.
ST. LAWRENCE UNIVERSITY
Elective. Students interested in social science and already well grounded in the principles of political economy may, on application approved by the instructor, be admitted to the course in sociology.
(See also Canton Theological School.)
14a. Social psychology. Dr. Washburn. In the first part of this course the psychological aspect of the development of the human race, including the growth of language, the origin and development of myth, of custom, and of art and science, will be considered. In the second part the psychological character of civilized society will be studied.
HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
The course in elementary social economics aims to show the significance for the students of economics and social life of the theories of evolution. Attention is centered upon the social group rather than upon the individual. The family, as the simplest and most important social group, is first studied in its historical development and its present organization and life. The study advances from this to the elementary study of the more complex and ill-defined social groups, such as races and the several
(533) classes of social dependents. Emphasis is laid upon the statistical method as an aid in the study of social groups and the measurement of social forces.
The course in elementary statistics is an introduction to statistics as a method of studying social groups and social life. Emphasis is laid upon the results reached by this method in the simplest fields where the chances of error in observation or interpretation are least. Special attention is given, therefore, to the simple statistics of population and the elements of vital statistics. The methods of the United States census office will be presented in detail, and a critical analysis made of the results of the twelfth census. The statistical laboratory is furnished with nearly all the electrical and mechanical devices to facilitate statistical work which will be found in a modern census office. Two hours a week of laboratory work will be required, in the course of which students will gain some familiarity with present methods of statistical work.
The course in advanced statistics gives greater attention to statistical theory, and aims to introduce the students to writers like Galton and Pearson, whose work is of especial importance as laying the statistical basis for the theories of evolution.
D. POLITICAL ECONOMY AND POLITICS.
3б. The modern régime. An analysis of the present industrial and social order as contrasted with that of the eighteenth century.
(a) The industrial reorganization, the centralization of wealth, the growth of corporations, the development of credit, speculation, etc.
(b) The effect of these changes on morality, intelligence, social and political ideals and institutions.
(c) Socialism and other plans for social reconstruction. Assistant Professor Powers.
37. Social interpretation of art. A study of the evolution of art, particularly painting and sculpture, with a special reference to the conditions, social, political, and economic, prevailing during the periods of exceptional art activity. Assistant Professor Powers.
40. Seminary. The evolution of society. A study of the principles of organic evolution as manifested in the formation of groups.
(a) Causes determining the formation of groups and the conditions affecting their efficiency and permanence, social organization, the nature and function of social classes, group selection, etc.
(c) Modifications effected in individual character as the result of life in a social state, social sensibilities, social instincts, the moral sense, conscience, etc. Assistant Professor Powers.
E. POLITICAL ECONOMY AND STATISTICS.
41. Elementary social economics. An introductory course upon the relation of evolutionary theories to the social sciences, with applications to the study of the family, race relations, immigration, etc. Professor Wilcox.
48. Elementary statistics. An introductory course in statistical methods, with practical work in investigation and tabulation. Special attention is given to census statistics and vital statistics. Two laboratory hours a week. Professor Wilcox.
49. Advanced statistics. Open to those who have taken the elementary statistics or can show that they are qualified to enter the class. Readings and discussion of various books in statistical theory and results. Professor Wilcox.
F. POLITICAL ECONOMY AND FINANCE.
55. Methods in modern philanthropy. To acquaint the student with the character and extent of charitable, correctional, and certain other social problems, and the methods employed in dealing with them. Not technical, but intended for the general enlightenment of the citizen. At least two days each semester will be spent in visiting institutions. Professor Fetter.
З5. Municipal government in Europe and the United States. A study of the governmental, financial, and social problems presented by the modern city. Lectures, assigned readings, reports on selected cities. Mr. Brooks.
FACULTY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.
Economics 12. Theories of social reform. Professor Clark. This course treats of certain plans for the partial reconstruction of industrial society that have been advocated in the United States, and endeavors to determine what reforms are in harmony with economic principles. It treats of the proposed single tax, of the measures advocated by the Farmers' Alliance and of those proposed by labor organizations, and the general relation of the state to industry.
SUBJECT B-SOCIOLOGY AND STATISTICS.
Sociology 15. Principles of sociology. Professor Giddings. This is a fundamental course, intended to lay a foundation for advanced work. In connection with a text-book study of theory, lectures are given on the sociological systems of Aristotle, Hegel, Comte, Spencer, Schäffle, De Greef, Gumplowicz, Ward, Tarde, and other writers. Students are required to analyze and classify sociological material of live interest obtained from newspapers, reviews, and official reports.
Sociology 16. Racial demography. Dr. Ripley. Two hours a week, second half-year. Being an analysis of population on the basis of geography and physical anthropology; comparing racial phenomena with those of a sociological character. It is primarily concerned with the anthropology and ethnology of the civilized peoples of Europe and America. It is intended to subserve three purposes, viz.: (i) as an introduction to advanced statistical and demographic research ; (2) as an outline of the racial and cultural history of Europe during the prehistoric period; and (3) as an essay in social geography. With this, practical demonstration and laboratory work in graphic statistics will be combined : beginning with the technique of cross-hatching by hand and machine; the application of color-shading in both small scale and wall maps ; the preparation and interpretation of curves, diagrams, and shaded maps of all kinds ; and the description of processes of reproduction, by photo-engraving and lithography.
Sociology 57. Statistics and sociology. This course is intended to train students in the use of statistics as an instrument of investigation in social science. The topics covered are : relation of statistics to sociology, criteria of statistics, population, population and land, sex, age, and conjugal condition, births, marriages, deaths, sickness, and mortality, race and nationality, migration, social position, infirmities, suicide, vice, crime, nature of statistical regularities.
Sociology 18. Statistics and economics. This course covers those statistics of most use in political economy, but which have also a direct bearing on the problems
of sociology. These include the statistics of land, production of food, condition of labor, wages, money, credit, prices, commerce, manufactures, trade, imports and exports, national wealth, public debt, and relative incomes.
Sociology 19. Theory of statistics. This course studies the theory of statistics, averages, mean error, law of probabilities, rules for collecting, tabulating, and presenting statistics, graphical methods, the value of the results obtained by the statistical method, the possibility of discovering social laws.
Sociology 20. Social evolution. Professor Giddings. The advanced study of general sociology is begun in this course. It includes three parts, namely : (τ) a brief preliminary account of the scientific position, scope, concepts, problems, methods, and empirical laws of sociology; (2) a study of origins and early history of society, with special attention to the early forms and later development of the family; to the origin, structure, and functions of the clan; to the organization of the tribe, and to the rise of tribal federation; (3) a study of the origin, establishment, and nature of civilization, with special attention to the influence of ethnic elements, to developments of social feeling and prevailing beliefs, to the policies by which civilization has been extended, and to the conditions that have produced arrested civilizations.
Sociology 21. Progress and democracy. Professor Giddings. The phenomena of progressive as distinguished from stationary civilizations are the subject of this course, which includes three parts, namely : (τ) a study of the causes and nature of progress, with special attention to the rise of discussion, to the growth of public opin - ion, and to the policies by which continuing progress is assured ; including measures for the expansion of intellectual freedom, for the repression of collective violence, and for the control of collective impulse by legality and deliberation; (2) a study of the genesis, the nature, and the social organization of modern democracies, and of the extent to which non-political associations, as business corporations, labor unions, churches, and associations for culture and pleasure, are more or less democratic, with special attention to the rise of an ethical consciousness and of philanthropic endeavor, and to the democratic ideals of equality and fraternity in their relations to social order and to liberty; (3) a study of the conditions and laws of social survival, with special attention to the influences of character, occupation, mental and social activity, that are shaping the destinies of the American people.
Sociology 22. Pauperism, poor-laws, and charities. Professor Giddings. This course begins with the study of the English poor-law, its history, practical working, and consequences. On this foundation is built a study of pauperism in general, but especially as it may now be observed in great cities. The laws of the different commonwealths in regard to paupers, out-relief, almshouses, and dependent children are compared. Finally the special modern methods of public and private philanthropy are considered, with particular attention to charity organization, the restriction of outdoor alms, and the reclamation of children.
Sociology 23. Crime and penology. Professor Giddings. The topics taken up in this course are the nature and definitions of crime, the increase of crime and its modern forms, criminal anthropology, the social causes of crime, surroundings, parental neglect, education, the question of responsibility, historical methods of punishment, the history of efforts to reform prison methods, modern methods, the solitary system, the Elmira system, classification of criminals, classes of prisons, reformatories, and jails.
Sociology 24. The civil aspects of ecclesiastical organizations. Dr. Bayles.
(536) The purpose of this course is to define the present relations of the ecclesiastical institutes to the other institutes of American society; the state, the government, marriage, family, education, and public wealth. An analysis is made of the guarantees of religious liberty contained in the federal and commonwealth constitutions; of the civil status of churches in terms of constitutional and statute law; of the methods of incorporation; of the functions of trustees; of legislative and judicial control; of denominational polity according to its type ; of the functional activity of churches in their departments of legislation, administration, adjudication, discipline, and mission; of the influence of churches on ethical standards; of the distribution of nationalities among the denominations ; of the territorial distribution of denominational strength; of the relation of polity to density of population; and of the current movements in and between various organizations tending toward changes of function and structure.
Sociology 29. Laboratory work in statistics. In connection with Courses τη, 18, and 19. The object of the laboratory is to train the student in methods of statistical analysis and computation. Each student will pursue a course of laboratory practice dealing with the general statistics of population, the relation of classes, the distribution of wealth, and the statistics of crime, vice, and misfortune. He will be taught how to judge current statistics and to detect statistical fallacies ; in short, to become an expert in judging of the value of sociological evidence. Each year some practical piece of work on an extensive scale is undertaken by the class.
Sociology 30. Seminar in sociology. Professor Giddings. Discussion and papers, theses, and dissertations presented in the seminar may be upon any of the following topics :
1. Population: The distribution, density, and growth of population in the United States ; including studies of birth-rates and death-rates, of immigration into the United States, of the migration of population within the United States, and of the composition of the population by age, sex, nationality, and color.
2. The social mind : Studies of like response to stimulus, e. g., to a call for volunteers, or an awakening to some common interest ; studies of mental and practical resemblance, including types of mind and of character, and their geographical distribution; studies of the consciousness of kind ; studies of conflict, imitation, and the progress of assimilation ; and studies of concerted volition, including examples of spontaneous co-operation, of panics, crazes, mob violence, and insurrection ; examples of deference to tradition and to authority; examples of the growth of public opinion, of the formation of social values, and of deliberate social action.
3. Social organization: Historical or statistical studies of family organization, and descriptive or historical studies of peculiar, exceptional, or otherwise noteworthy communities or sections, especially essays in the sociological treatment of local history. Studies of voluntary organization, including religious and other cultural associations, business associations and trades unions, juristic organizations and political parties.
4. Social welfare : Studies of the growth of public security and of social order; of the development of liberty and equality, of the formation and the distribution of social economic classes, and of the social life and organization of the self-supporting poor ; of the distribution of culture ; historical studies of the origin, growth, and forms of pauperism ; statistical studies of the extent and causes of pauperism; historical and comparative studies of poor-laws and public relief; historical and comparative studies of the methods of private charity; historical studies of the origin, increase, and forms
of crime ; statistical studies of the extent and causes of crime ; critical studies of criminal anthropology or criminal sociology; historical and comparative studies of punishment and reformation.
STATISTICAL LABORATORY AND SEMINAR.
29. Two hours. Fortnightly, five members. The work of the-year devoted to developing the mathematical theory of statistics with practical exercises.
SEMINAR IN SOCIOLOGY.
30. Two hours. Fortnightly, twelve members. The following papers were read and discussed: "Types of Mind and Character in Colonial Massachusetts;" "Types of Mind and Character in Colonial Connecticut;" "Types of Mind and Character in Colonial New York ; " "Types of Mind and Character in Colonial Pennsylvania;" "Types of Mind and Character in Colonial Virginia;" "Types of Mind and Character in the Early Days of North Carolina;" "Types of Mind and Character in the Early Days of Kentucky;" "Types of Mind and Character in the Early Days of Indiana;" "Types of Mind and Character in the Early Days of Wisconsin;" "An Analysis of the Mental Characteristics of the Population of an East-Side New York City Block;" "A Statistical Study of the Responses to Lincoln's First Call for Volunteers; " "The Charities of the Five Presbyterian Churches in Harlem ; " "The Poor-Laws of Connecticut;" "Parochial Settlements in England;" "A Critical and Statistical Study of Male and Female Birth-Rates."
WORK OF FELLOWS.
THOMAS JESSE JONES.
Mr. Jones worked under the direction of Professor Giddings upon his doctor's dissertation: "A Sociological Study of the Population of a New York City Block." Professor Giddings reports that this dissertation promises to be one of the most minute investigations of modern city life yet undertaken. Mr. Jones also made the annual revision of the list and description of social settlements in New York city which is regularly expected of a fellow in sociology.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
Sociology. Psychology of social and historical aspects of social organization, ancient and modern. Study of concrete social problems.
English social history. Organization of early English society, and subsequent changes in social development.
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY.
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE — DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.
Principles of sociology. Professor Johnson.
UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL—DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY.
I. Introduction to sociology. An introduction to social science, with an elementary course in the origin of civilization and the early history of institutions, in prepa-
(538) -ration for the scientific study of political and social economics. Spencer's Study of Sociology, Sumner's Social Classes, Peschel's Races of Man as text-books.
2. Principles of sociology. In part a study of the Spencerian philosophy of evolution in the sociological aspects. A monograph on an appropriate theme required of each student.
Professor Johnson's course is with the sophomores, and is intended to give some conception of the meaning of social laws and progress, and of the scope and methods of modern relief and reform agencies.
Professor Russell encourages research and original investigation, particularly along the lines of housing of the poor, moral tenements, correctional and charitable plants and enterprises, lodging-houses, tramps, etc. Local strikes have been investigated, and something has been done, but not much, in this direction.
SCHOOL OF PEDAGOGY.
Sociology in relation to education. The aim of this course is to lead the student to view society as a vast and complex organism, to study in a general way its structure and functions, and to see the relation of education to the other great divisions of social activity. Some of the topics treated are : the need of a social science, especially from the teacher's point of view ; preparation for such a science ; the school as a social institution ; the organic concept of society; in what sense is the school an organism? the family as the primary social group, its history, functions, and pathology; social aggregates ; structural significance of the public-school system ; the school as a social communicating apparatus; its relation to the other communicating channels, as the press, public platform, and social psychology; social reform ; care of the dependent, delinquent, and abnormal classes, with special reference to the treatment of children.
Throughout the course the observation of the student's own social environment is stimulated, and history, as well as current events, is largely drawn upon for illustrations, with a view of giving the student a clear and concrete grasp of the fundamental principles of the science. Dewey's Pedagogical Creed, which gives an excellent statement of the nature of education and the school, viewed from the social side, is read and discussed. Spencer's Study of Sociology and Small and Vincent are also used.
Social Psychology, Professor MacDougall.
UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER.
2. Special topics in economics.
5. Capital and labor.
10. Economic functions of the state.
"The sociological point of view is largely adopted in connection with the historical studies, especially in connection with the study of the Roman law in its genesis and growth."
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND SOCIOLOGY.
The mutual relations of men in society examined historically to learn how present conditions have resulted from past experience. Present social forces and needs considered with the purpose of training the student for good citizenship. Lectures, collateral reading, and practical sociological investigation.
The following courses in sociology are designed to introduce the student to both the theoretical and applied phases of the subject. They are open to juniors, seniors, and graduate students.
I. 3. Practical sociology. The more important of familiar social questions—as immigration, the integrity of the family, relations between labor and capital, and devices for the encouragement of provident habits — ace examined in the lectures, and collateral reading is required.
II. 3. Degenerate social classes. Problems of pauperism and crime are studied. The lectures are supplemented by collateral reading and visits to institutions.
III. Introduction to social theory. Lectures and elementary reading.
IV. 3. Literature of sociology. Critical reviews of publications by the best-known writers. Students who desire to do so may elect this course for two semesters, i. e., in both the junior and senior years.
V. 3. Research. Students who have had sufficient preparation may have research work with the instructor. Among the subjects investigated in recent years are : the consumption of liquors in the United States, and the charitable institutions of the city of Syracuse. The work for the next year will be announced at the beginning of the first semester.
V. 2. Socialism and social reform. This course presents the various schemes for reforming modern society, and attempts to examine each one in the light of economic and political science. The topics discussed are: the origin and development of property; wealth distribution under slavery, serfdom, wagedom ; the modern theory of wealth distribution ; inequality in wealth ; the social problem and the different solutions ; socialism, its leaders, history, and economic statement ; criticism; how to solve the social problem.
IV. 1. Social phases of education. A study will be made of the relations that exist between the school and the community and the state. During a portion of the time Dutton's Social Phases of Education in the School and the Home, Vincent's Social Mind and Education, and Dewey's School and Society will be read.
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
I. History and principles of political economy and sociology. Text-books and lectures. Theses on assigned topics.
2. Current questions. Seminary methods in the study of economic and social questions.
"Much work is done in sociology in the department of biblical instruction, which is a three-years' course in the English Bible, with three recitations a week. Much work is also done in the course of economics."
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
1b. Giddings's Principles of Sociology.
2а. Lectures on practical sociological problems, such as charity, the saloon, sanitation, tenement houses, child labor, etc.
2b. Same continued, covering such subjects as crime, social influences of art, civilization of present and past contrasted, etc.
4. History of Political Economy, Blanqui ; Tariff History of United States, Taussig; History of Currency, Shaw; Socialism, Ely; Social Statics, Spencer; Taxation, Seligman. Original papers required on topics assigned.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY.
9. Social development in America. This course will begin with the colonies and come down to the present-day conditions. It will be the purpose to consider with some detail the chief forces which have entered Into the development of American society. The colonies will be studied separately, and then the process by which they were knit into one nation will be followed out. Special attention will be given to the conditions of southern life.
" We are doing nothing in sociology except such reference to it as grows out of political science, psychology, and ethics, and an occasional lecture on the subject."
E. Sociology. Principles of social evolution. A study of the development of the various forms of human association, with some attention to such practical problems as pauperism, crime, the slums, and divorce. Professor Knowlton.
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
PRESIDENT MERRIFIELD, PROFESSOR PETERSON,
Sociology. A scientific and historical study of social forces and phenomena, with analytic treatment of institutions and origin and progress of civilization. Giddings's Elements of Sociology.
Social problems. A critical study of American social conditions, with special reference to existing dangers and evils, as pauperism, crime, immigration, the concentration of urban population, etc. Wright's Practical Sociology, and Henderson's Dependent, Defective and Delinquent Classes.
POLITICAL ECONOMY AND SOCIOLOGY.
(b) Sociology. An elementary course designed to introduce the student to the elementary principles of human association and to develop the power of observing and analyzing social facts. Fairbanks's Introduction to Sociology is read ; essays and library work.
HISTORY, ECONOMICS, AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
History is regarded as a record of the social, economic, moral, and political life of the people.
Immigration and its effect upon the country. Professor Higley.
PHILOSOPHY AND PEDAGOGY.
2. Ethics. Sociology or social psychology. This work is intended to supplement the individualistic point of view assumed in Ethics i. Professor Doan.
UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI.
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR HUBBARD.
Ia. The dependent and defective classes. The causes of poverty; the English poor-law ; public relief of destitution in American cities ; alms-houses ; homes for the aged; old-age pensions ; the care of dependent children ; modern organized charity; the blind; the deaf; the insane; the feeble-minded; the epileptic. Text, Warner's American Charities.
2b. Criminology. Criminal anthropology; punishment and reformation; prison systems; Elmira Reformatory; convict labor; juvenile courts; care of discharged prisoners. Text, Wines's Punishment and Reformation.
3c. Remedial measures. Social settlements ; tenement-house improvement ; rapid transit ; parks and playgrounds ; vacation schools ; substitutes for the saloon ; the immigration problem ; organized labor ; factory legislation ; the eight-hour day ; the negro problem ; treatment of tuberculosis ; the protection of the family ; marriage and divorce ; the church and the social problem ; and other topics.
DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY.
Ethics includes, int. al.. ethics and socialism ; ethical doctrine in its bearing on the conception of society, in the several divisions of home government, and religious observance.
There is also a university settlement.
ADELBERT COLLEGE. PHILOSOPHY.
7. Graduate courses. Sociology in the light of anthropology. The main problems and bearings of anthropology will be discussed in systematic order and their sociological import noted in such works as those of Morgan, Brinton, Quatrefages, Taylor, Pritchard, Darwin, Wallace, Ranke, and Ratzel. Then a course of lectures will outline a more systematic treatment of sociology based upon anthropology, after which certain aspects of the works of Comte, Buckle, Spencer, Schäffle, Lilienfeld, Stein, Ward, and Giddings will be discussed.
HISTORY, POLITICAL AND
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR WALKER.
17. Statistics. Theory and method. General survey of the field of economic and sociological statistics, with a study of important statistical documents.
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY.
ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY.
The university, through the efforts and generosity of its friends, is possessed of a unique equipment for study purposes in these lines. This equipment comprises a large collection of railroad, municipal, and school bonds ; of stocks of all kinds ; of letters of credit, drafts, foreign bills of exchange, bills of lading, checks, enclosures, statements, insurance policies, trust certificates, notes, mortgages, and all the necessary forms of business paper; also collections of coins illustrative of various periods in our monetary history, foreign coins, and scrip ; also sets of maps and charts, and a Kiepert-Commercial globe 8o cm. in diameter. Ample facilities for statistical work are provided, and a seminary room set apart for the use of laboratory material, documents, etc., is always open to advanced students. It is the policy of the department to make the statistical investigations and research work of advanced students contributory to the permanent equipment of the department, thus enriching the facilities from year to year with material of scientific and pedagogical value.
DEPARTMENT OF DOMESTIC
PROFESSOR STONER, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR SOUTHER.
5. Lectures on the industrial and artistic evolution of society. History of the early races considered with special reference to the development in culture gained through handwork. Practice work : Preparations of a series of models comprising the different stitches used in plain hand-sewing ; ornamental stitches and simple embroidery. One lecture and three practice periods each week.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS
PROFESSOR CLARK, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR HAGERTY.
2. The history of industrial society. A general view of the evolution of industrial society ; involving a study of the manorial and guild systems ; of the rise of clasS interest ; the formation of trading companies ; land-holding ; the development of capitalistic enterprise and the economic legislation and theories that grew out of these conditions, with special reference to England. Lectures and assigned readings.
3. Industrial and financial history of the United States. A complete survey of American industries, financial resources, and policies.
4. Transportation. A study of the development and present economic status of roads, canals, and railroads in their relation to industry and to the state.
5. Practical problems : immigration, money, land.
6. Practical problems : railroads, tariff, crises.
7. Practical problems : of labor and capital.
II. Sociology. Text-books, lectures, and original investigations. Through the kindness of the various officers of the Godman Guild-House, opportunity will be provided students in this course of doing practical work at the guild. The course, as to time and subject-matter, will be arranged to suit those in the city who may wish scientific training along the lines of charity and philanthropic work, and the state board of charities as well as the officers of the Associated Charities of the city are enlisted in the work of this course. First term : Giddings's Elements of Sociology. Second term : Henderson's Dependent, Defective and Delinquent Classes.
12. The history and theory of socialism. A complete study of the subject in its historical, economic, and critical aspects. The socio-economic doctrines of the philosophers, the utopias of Plato, More, Campanella, Cabet, etc., and the theses of the various German, French, and English schools of socialists, will be treated. The origin of private property, the right to labor, rights of industrial classes, and the fundamental principles of industrial society will be analyzed. Syllabus, lectures, and collateral readings.
13. Sociology and statistics. Lectures and laboratory work.
16. Thesis work. In this work, as far as possible, only original sources are used, and investigations made from real life. The aim is to set before each student the accomplishment of the task of extending in some degree, however slight, the boundaries of economic and sociological knowledge. Meetings are arranged with the instructor throughout the year.
21. Growth and development of social thought and institutions. Assistant Professor Hagerty.
17. Advanced economics. The aim of this course is to offer the student an opportunity to specialize to any degree he may desire along the various lines within the field of the department. Elections will naturally fall under one of the following heads : (a) Theoretical problems. (b) Historical problems. (c) Practical problems. (d) Finance. (e) Commerce. (f) Sociology (theoretical or practical). (g) Statistics (h) Teacher's course and training for fellowship.
When several students elect the same line of work, they may constitute themselves a group, and a seminary will be organized as a nucleus for such work. A seminary in sociology (17f) was announced for the year 1901-2.
22. Primitive society. Assistant Professor Hagerty.
OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY.
D. Sociology. An introductory course to the study of sociology. The various schools will be presented in lectures. Both theory and practice will receive due attention. Professor Stevenson.
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
"In course we require only one term in sociology. However, other studies, as industrial history of England, are made to bear much on socia] study, and text-book work is supplemented by lectures." Professor E. B. Wakefield.
In sociology and political science the problems of the day in municipal government and the various reform movements are studied in the light of historical illustrations and the social phenomena of the past. Lectures are given on the pathology of society, communistic ideals, and other topics.
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY.
Introduction to sociology. A study of the principles and methods of the science, with consideration of some of the practical problems of social reform. Small and Vincent, supplemented by readings, reports, and essays. President Perry.
1. Sociology. Two hours. Associate Professor Bogart. A study of the elementary principles of human association and the development of the different forms of association. The purpose of the course is to develop in the mind of the student the power to observe and analyze social facts, and to enable him to trace these facts to the elementary social motives and forces, laws, and causes. Different writers are studied each year; last year Fairbanks's Introduction to Sociology was used, and in 1901-2 Spencer's Principles of Sociology was read. A comparative study is also made of other works.
11. Socialism and social reform. A study of the fundamental characteristics of industrial society, and an examination of the proposed plans of social reconstruction: (τ) those that propose a reconstruction of society on a fundamentally different basis from the present; (2) those which are merely palliative in their aims and tendencies; (з) those which propose the progressive improvement and rehabilitation of society without destroying its present foundations. Morel's Ideal Commonwealths and Ely's French and English Socialism will be used as texts, supplemented by lectures.
12. Practical sociology; charities. A study of the problems of pauperism and its relief; causes of poverty, methods of treatment, charitable institutions and agencies. Visits will be made by the class to institutions in the neighborhood of Oberlin. Warner's American Charities will be used as a text, supplemented by lectures and papers.
Practical sociology; criminology. A study of the problems of crime, punishment, reformation, and criminal anthropology. Wines's Punishment and Reformation is used as a text. Lectures and papers.
ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
5. Sociology. Some attention will be given to the historical development of society. The greater part of the term will be given to the consideration of social conditions and problems. Small and Vincent's Introduction. Professor Snavely.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND POLITICAL ECONOMY.
5. Sociology and socialism.
UNIVERSITY OF WOOSTER.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, MORALS, AND SOCIOLOGY.
I. Sociology. Special attention will be paid to the history and principles of socialism, to various questions of reform and administration, and to the amelioration of social conditions. Text-books, varied according to the growing literature of the subject, will be used. Text-book work will be varied by lectures. Professor Scovel.
Sociology. The numerous social questions that are now claiming attention make this study one of great importance.
Professor Charles J. Bushnell gives courses on social economics and sociology.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON.
ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY.
PROFESSOR YOUNG, MR. WHITTLESEY.
Group V. Society is confronted with great problems that challenge a reconstruction of the social organization and a revision of the fundamental conclusions in all the social sciences. These problems are appropriately made the subject of university investigation.
I. General introductory course. The theory of evolution in its applications to society; the process in connection with the new elements in the human sphere; the genesis of social life, mind, and institutions constitutes the scope of this course. Lectures and readings.
The general introductory course gives the student the point of view of modern thought in the economic, political, and social sciences, and outlines the general course of progress in each line of social achievement through the lower stages of civilization.
2. Modern industrial organization. The tendency toward corporate organizations of industry and centralization, with resulting modifications of the conditions of competition.
I. Economic problems. Labor and capital, profit-sharing, corporations, socialism τ. Elements of society. Society is an organization analyzed for a determination of its characteristics. Text-book and collateral reading.
I. Principles of sociology and theory of social forces. As conceived of by leading modern sociologists.
2. Anthropology. An introduction to the methods and conclusions of anthropology and ethnology in their relations to the social sciences.
3. The social debtor classes. Studies of questions connected - with charities penology, and criminology.
4. Democracy. Its characteristics and tendencies.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
Sociology. Introduction and study of some leading problems, such as charities penal institutions, etc. Giddings, Small and Vincent, Spencer, and others.
"Introduced sociology into courses three years ago. Elective in senior year of college courses, two credits. Use C. R. Henderson's Social Elements as a class guide and outline of the work. Work limited in amount, but of great interest and value Class of five this year. Subject grows in interest and popularity. Teach it in connection with political economy and ethics. Cover the ground covered by Professor Henderson's book."
SOCIAL SCIENCE, ECONOMICS.
Course 125. Second semester. Sociology, a study of the general principles of sociology. Giddings, Principles of Sociology.
GRADUATE COURSES FOR
THE DEGREES OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY AND MASTER OF ARTS.
Group I : Tylor, Anthropology; Quatrefages, The Human Species; Le Fèvre, Race and Language; Lubbock, Origin of Civilization; Starcke, The Primitive
(546) Family; Westermarck, History of Human Marriage; Lubbock, Prehistoric Times; Fontaine, Ethnology; Peschel, Races of Man and Geographical Distribution; Demker, Races of Man.
Group II : Cox, Mythology of the Aryan Nations; Tylor, Early History of Mankind; Maine, Village Communities,- Laveleye, Primitive Property; Giddings, Principles of Sociology; Spencer, Principles of Sociology; Mayo-Smith, Statistics and Sociology; Wright, Practical Sociology; Ward, Dynamic Sociology.
SOCIOLOGY AND ECONOMICS.
Sociology. One hour a week in sociology is elective throughout the senior year. The subject is taught in its broadest and most practical aspects. The text-book is essentially the text upon which the body of the work is based. Monthly lectures upon the most important factors of the subject are given by the head of the department, and these are open to the public as well as to the class. Concrete problems in social science are assigned to members of the class for investigation, development, and report. Professor Pilcher.
Economic problems. The labor problem, socialism, and monopolies. A study is made of the factory system, labor organizations, labor legislation, courts of arbitration, etc. The history of socialism, and the aims and methods of socialistic organizations are investigated. The growth of industrial combinations, affecting labor, capital public control and management, is considered. Professor Barrett.
lob. Ethics. This course considers current questions in practical ethics and sociology, such as politics, temperance, war, charity, and prison administration, the labor question, etc., on their moral side. President Sharpless.
FRANKLIN AND MARSHALL
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
General sociology. An elementary course dealing with the structure and function of contemporary society and the conditions and forms of social progress. Designed also to acquaint the student with existing social problems. Giddings's Elements; lectures and collateral reading. Professor Hiester.
(See also Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church.)
DEPARTMENT OF LOGIC AND SOCIOLOGY.
PROFESSOR WILLIAM EMMETT MARTIN.
7. Sociology, principles and theory.
8. Charities and reform.
9. Criminology and penology.
I. Sociology. A course of lectures on sociology from the Christian point of view is given each year by Lemuel Moss, LL.D., to the whole college.
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
In social science the main attention is given to the study of the development
(547) of economic life and institutions, American conditions being specifically analyzed. Students are encouraged to individual research.
Sociology. This is a continuation of economics. The text-book work is based on Giddings's Elements of Sociology. Lectures and investigations of various social problems. This course will be alternated with one on socialistic theories. Professor Smith.
CENTRAL PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGE.
"In sociology we use a text-book, following with it immediately after political economy, and taught by the professor of economics. Sociological matters are also largely taken up by him with the history of civilization. So, also, with the study of general ethics."
CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL, PHILADELPHIA.
" In this school I teach sociology to the senior class, numbering this year about 140. It gets four months of lectures on social ethics. Then come four months of social economics, based on my Political Economy for High Schools.
"To the senior class of our department of pedagogy I give four months of historic sociology and four months of ethical sociology, the latter devoted especially to current ethical problems. Both by lectures." President R. E. Thompson.
SPECIAL COURSE IN SOCIAL WORK.
3. Social history of England. A study of the organization of society in early England, and of the subsequent economic changes and social development. Lectures and required readings.
7. Development of English civilization. A study of the social progress of England during the last three centuries. The facts in regard to each great industrial epoch are presented, and their influence on national life, thought, and activity considered. Special attention is given to those phases of English development which throw light upon the trend of American civilization.
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR LINDSAY.
20. Sociology. I. Study of ancient and modern social ideals, and of the projected types of an ideal society. Social elements and history of sociological theories ; modern theories concerning social organization. Plato's Republic, Aristotle's Politics and Ideal Commonwealths constitute part of the required reading of the course. II. Study and analysis of historical and existing societies. Special reference to the general stages of social evolution, to the factors in social psychology, to the requisites of social survival, social efficiency, and social control. Lectures follow Manual and Outlines. Assigned readings.
23. Charities and correction. A study of social failures, and of the efforts to restore social debtor classes and individuals to social efficiency. The causes of poverty ; the problems of pauperism ; the development and administration of charities ; penology; public and private agencies in dealing with pauperism and crime.
24. Social reform in the nineteenth century. A study of the writings of four groups of social reformers : (a) the utopists : Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen, Bellamy, Hertzka ; (b) the moral and ethical group : Kingsley, Maurice, Carlyle, Ruskin,
(548) William Morris, and Henry George ; (c) the proletarian socialistic group : Blanc, Proudhon, Lassalle, Schultz-Delítsch, Marx, Engels, Bebel, and Liebknecht; (d) the governmental meliorísts : Shaftesbury, Nicholls, the Fabians, and others.
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR ROWS AND М. SCOTT.
12. Local and municipal institutions. A comparative study of city government in Europe and the United States. The course is divided into two parts. Part I: The problems of city life in ancient and mediæval times. Rise of the modern city; changes in political and social conditions accompanying its growth. Part II, Municipal government in the United States as compared with England, France, and Germany. Required readings in Shaw's Municipal Government in Great Britain, Goodnow's Municipal Problems and Municipal Borne Rule.
9. Modern legislative problems. Relation of the individual to the state, in Europe and the United States. Limitations on legislative action. Contrast between American and European ideas concerning the functions and powers of government. The development of individual liberty in modern times, as illustrated in our political system by the rights of citizenship, state and federal.ã10
. Government and state activity. Comparative study of the nature and extent of powers or government. Relation of the state to industrial actions. Resulting relation between the individual and the state. Citizenship in the United States as compared with England, Germany, and France. Protection to civil and political rights. The individualistic and socialistic movements of the present century.
Sociology. A study of the organization of society, and of the character of social forces based on Giddings's Elements of Sociology, followed by field work in particular localities of the city.
Wright's Practical Sociology is used as a text-book, two hours a week, in the second term of senior year. This is supplemented by lectures and collateral reading, Each student is required to prepare a thesis on some practical sociological topic, which is counted as part of the class-room work. The purpose is to acquaint students with the great factors entering into our social life, and to develop in them, as intelligent citizens, a profound and patriotic interest in social and economic problems of today.
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE
Conduct, the laws of duty, moral obligation, and ethical judgments are treated as the activities and normal processes of the social self.
"The Pennsylvania State College does not maintain a department of sociology, nor has it yet been possible to introduce that Study distinctively even as a separate branch.
"All students, however, are required during the sophomore year to take an outline course in general history; and during the senior year the entire class is required to take political economy, constitutional law, and international law, as one strand or course throughout the year. The instruction in these subjects has always tended to
(549) emphasize their sociological rather than their strictly technical side, and thus a good deal of interest is kept alive in current as well as permanent sociological questions."
HISTORY AND POLITICAL ECONOMY.
PROFESSOR WILLIAM I. HULL AND DR. GUSTAV A. KLEENE.
Course 1. Elements of economics. Industrial problems of today, including labor organization ; strikes and arbitration ; co-operation and profit-sharing ; industrial betterment ; laborers' insurance ; immigration ; the unemployed ; the eight-hour day ; women and children in industry; monopolies and trusts.
Course 3. Socialism ; its history and claims. Industrial reformers of the nineteenth century. Municipal problems. One hundred and forty-four hours.
Course 4. Elements of sociology. Social problems of today, including crime and punishment ; the insane and feeble-minded ; pauperism and charity ; tenement houses ; womanhood and the family ; the children of the poor ; social settlements ; intemperance and methods of temperance reform ; the Salvation Army's social work ; the negro ; the Indian. In connection with the work in social science visits are made to neighboring charitable and correctional institutions.
COLLEGE OF ST. THOMAS OF
5. Sociology. Definition and origin of the social questions; the elements of natural justice and morality in the acquisition of property; socialism defined; different schools of socialism ; social democracy in Germany; critical examination of the origin of socialism ; social order from a Christian standpoint ; the labor question and other questions of the day.
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
PROFESSORS WILSON AND DEALEY, AND DR. WILLETT.
12. Elementary course.
1. The principles of sociology. Nature of society, social forces, and environment.
2, 3. Social problems and conditions. Relating to charity, criminology, etc.
4. Social philosophy. Aims and ideals in social life, social well-being.
5. Development of social theory. Tracing important theories, ancient and modern, in regard to social conditions and development.
7, 8, 9. Current social theory and practice. Throughout the year. Elective for graduates. Practical sociological investigations.
10. Social institutions. Their development, forms, and importance. The family, church, state, etc.
11. Demography. Dispersion of races. A social study of race characteristics. 13. Socialism. Ancient and modern, with especial attention to present phases of the theory.
14. Social statistics. Method of gathering and handling data in the study of social problems and conditions.
COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON.
1. General sociology. The organic character and physical basis of society; the social mind ; the courses and modes of social activity ; processes of social development, etc. Fairbanks's Introduction to Sociology, or Small and Vincent's Introduction to the Study of Society.
Introduction to sociology (Fairbanks). Two hours a week, three months, in department of political science—about same work as we require in political economy.
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH
I. Theory of sociology. A study of the principles of social organization, history of social theory, elements and 'structure of society, historical evolution of society, function of the state, together with a consideration of some of the more important social problems of the present, as the labor question, co-operation, charity organizations, the liquor problem, etc.
II. Criminal sociology. A study of the psychology of criminality, with a psychological definition and analysis of criminal types. The data of criminal anthropology are reviewed, with an analysis of criminal statistics from which deductions are made relative to crime, its punishment, and its remedies. Practical reforms in the treatment of criminals are discussed, and recent experiments and modern theories examined. Critiques and reports upon library work are a feature.
III. Charities and corrections. A study of the defective and dependent classes, and the problems of social organization for their care and relief. The causes of pauperism are discussed, together with an attempt to discriminate between proper and improper methods of relief. The various forms of charity organizations and their methods are reviewed. The history and theory of public philanthropy investigated by extensive library work. Observation and study of local institutions so far as time and opportunity permit.
DEPARTMENT ECONOMICS, POLITICAL SCIENCE, AND HISTORY.
Elements of sociology. An introduction to the scientific study of society, designed to furnish a basis for the intelligent investigation of social problems, especially on the part of those who propose to enter the ministry or the work of organized charities. Small and Vincent; Crafts; and Bascom, Social Theory.
UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE.
PRESIDENT CHARLES W. DABNEY.
5. Problems of economics, including questions arising out of the relations of capital and labor, industrial arbitration, and conciliation, profit-sharing, and co-operation.
9. Principles of sociology. The social theory, methods, and problems of sociology ; the structure of society ; the evolution of society ; civilization ; progress ; democracy; the social teachings of Christ; the nature and end of society.
DEPARTMENT OF CIVICS, SOCIOLOGY, AND ECONOMICS.
REV. PETER BUELL GUERNSEY.
Sociology. Presenting a general outline of the subject, with special study of the social condition of the negro race in city and country.
6. Sociology. An introductory course in the subject. Professor Weir. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY.
HISTORY AND ECONOMICS.
PROFESSOR MOORE AND MR. DYER.
II. (a) An introduction to sociology. The object of this course is to give the student a synthetic view of social phenomena, and to acquaint him with the current theories of social Interpretation. Text-books : Small and Vincent's Introduction to the Study of Society; Wright's Practical Sociology.
(b) Democracy in the United States. Text-books: Hyslop's Democracy; Godkin's Unforeseen Tendencies. Second term.
Two, courses in economics were conducted during the year 1900-01, which together counted for one three-hour course.
1. More than half the time of the class was devoted to a group of problems which may be conveniently indicated by the titles of the text-books used : Goodnow's Municipal Problems, Shaw's Municipal Problems in Great Britain, and Bemis's Municipal Monopolies. The work consisted of lectures, the study of the texts, and the investigation of one or more questions by each student under the direction of the instructor. Where possible, local questions were selected.
Introduction to the study of sociology. Half course in Christian sociology. See also under Theological Schools.
UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTH.
SCHOOL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
1. Principles of sociology. Ward's Sociology. Dr. Ramage. (See also under Theological Schools.)
ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR ROBERT HOUSTON HAMILTON.
E. Social science. An introductory study of society, the origin of civilization, and the growth of social institutions. Map-drawing, illustrating social growth, required. Small and Vincent.
In the various courses offered in the department of history the use of the sociological point of view is very pronounced.
UNIVERSITY OF UTAH.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY.
Economics 5. Industrial problems. Study of the social questions pertaining to modern industry, including socialism, trades unions, machine labor, woman and child labor, corporations, trusts, pools, subsidies, private monopolies, public utilities, land tenure, speculations, stock and produce gambling, etc.
Sociology 1. Principles of social science. Study of prehistoric, uncivilized, ancient, and medíæval societies, with special reference to the moral and intellectual progreSs of the race, and the development of social law as now comprehended and enjoyed by the higher types of civilization. One thesis required.
Sociology 2. Modern society. Study of modern social life. One thesis required.
UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT.
Є. Social theories. Examination of various social schemes. Plato's Republic, Cicero's De Republica, Augustine's Civitas Dei, More's Utopia. Modern theories : Comte, Spencer, Kidd, Gumplowicz, Fouille, Giddings ; collectivism, communism, socialism.
2. Industrial era. A study of modern society under the phase of industrialism. Industrial revolutions, inventions, factory, transportation, trade, the modern city; reaction upon state, culture, religion ; consequent reconstruction of society.
3. Social institutions. A historical investigation of their origin and development ; primitive and ancient society ; family, slavery, property, marriage, civil government, law, rights, classes, religion, philosophy, agriculture, industry, commerce. Lectures, with extensive collateral reading, research, and theses.
RICHARD M. ILVAINE.
Sociology. The second half of the year is spent in the study of the general principles of society and economy upon which our American civilization depends, with especial reference to such principles as condition survival and progress in the negro and Indian races. Fairchild's Rural Wealth and Welfare, Giddings's Elements, DuBois's The Philadelphia Negro, and Washington's Future of the American Negro constitute the principal reading of the course.
WASHINGTON AND LEE
ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
Advanced course. (a) Elements of sociology. An outline of the theory of society as most recently advanced.
(b) Limit of state activity. A study of the relation of the state to the organization of society and industry.
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
The work in this department emphasizes the duties and responsibilities of citizenship. Its object is to inculcate worthy social ideals and lay the basis for sound and independent thinking on political and economic questions.
IV, V, VI. Industrial problems. Competition; labor; monopolies and trusts; socialism ; taxation. Lectures.
VII. Elements of sociology. Lectures.
The work in this department is mainly economic, though an effort is made to present it from a sociological point of view.
Pedagogy. Social pedagogy. Professor Yoder.
UNIVERSITY OF WEST
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR CLARK.
Students taking sociology as their major are required to have nine courses and a thesis in this subject. Their minor of six courses may be taken in economics or political science or history or philosophy.
I. Anthropology. An elementary course on man as the unit of society, and on the evolution of society and social institutions. The general purpose of the course is to point out how man has developed into his present social state, what the influences were which caused this development, and how these influences themselves have evolved. The general subjects discussed are : first, the antiquity of man, and the place man occupies in nature; second, the origin and early development of institutions which have made man what he is, and upon which contemporary society is based, such as language and writing, the arts of life and of pleasure, religion and science, mythology and history, the family and social structure. Tylor's Anthropology, supplemented by lectures and assigned readings.
2. Elements of sociology. A course on the structure and functions of contemporary society. Existing society is studied as an objective reality, the student's own world being his laboratory. The course begins with a series of elementary lectures on the methods of scientific social study; the relation of the individual to society; the social organism ; the physical and psychical bases of society; the social forces; the field of sociology and its relation to social reform. Meanwhile the individual members of the class have been assigned certain social institutions for personal observation and study, upon which they report fully in the class. The purpose is to bring out prominently the leading features in the associated life of human beings as it actually exists. Lectures, assigned readings, and reports.
3. A historical survey of sociological thought. This course traces the gradual development of sociological thought from antiquity through the Hebrew, Greek, Roman, and mediæval writers down to our own times, the larger part of the course being devoted to the teachings of the most important modern sociologists. Lectures and assigned readings.
4. Contemporary charities. The causes and conditions of poverty, methods of relief, historical and contemporary; special classes, children, the aged, unemployed, defective ; charity organization. Lectures, research work.
5. The treatment of delinquents. Causes of crime, criminal anthropology, history of methods of treatment, preventive measures, juvenile delinquents, legal factors. Lectures and assigned topics.
б. Social movements of the nineteenth century. A study of organized efforts for social betterment, their principles and results. This includes the investigation of movements affecting every phase of social life, hygienic, economic, artistic, educational, religious. Lectures, readings, and the development of assigned topics.
7. The family. The historical development of the family; its significance as a social institution; its organization; pathological conditions and suggested remedies for these. Inductive studies, lectures, and library work.
б. Practical economic problems. A study of proposed schemes of social reform and methods of social improvement. Trades unions, building and loan associations, insurance associations, profit-sharing and co-operation. Relation of the state and municipalities to monopolies. History of the socialistic movement and a discussion of the principles of socialism. The economic influence of education and Christianity.
8. Methods of social reform. A study of the fundamental characteristics of industrial society and an examination of the proposed plans of social regeneration : (I) Those which propose the reconstruction of society on a fundamentally different basis from the present. (2) Those which are merely palliative in their aims and tendencies. (3) Those which propose the progressive improvement and perfection of society without destroying its present foundations. Lectures and library work.
9. Economic legislation. In this course each student is expected to study one concrete problem thoroughly, and to present to the class a bill drawn up as if for legislative enactment. Upon presentation, each bill is to be criticised, and the framer is to defend it against all comers. After thorough criticism and discussion a vote of the class is taken. Among the subjects so treated will be trusts, railway pooling, banking, the standard of value, employer's liability, factory inspection, tramps, strikes, etc.
DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY.
4. Ethics. A review of the mental processes that control conduct ; fundamentals of morality, the moral faculty, ground of obligation, moral standard, moral law, moral sanction ; moral culture ; practical morality, personal and social duties. Recitations and notes by the instructor.
5. Applied ethics. A study of the relation of ethics to religion, politics, economics, and individual and social culture. Lectures, recitations, and collateral reading.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
PROFESSOR FREEMAN A. HAVIGHORST.
б. Municipal problems.
9. Sociology. This course treats of the fundamental principles of social organization and the laws of progress. Giddings's Elements of Sociology is used as text. so. Applied sociology. Seminar in sociology or politics.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE.
c. Sociology and social problems. The principles of social organization as seen in its historic forms, followed by a consideration of current social problems, such as the wage system, monopolies, pauperism.
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN
—SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE.
PROFESSOR ELY, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR MEYER, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR SHARP, MR. DOWD, AND SPECIAL LECTURERS.
1. The elements of sociology.
2. Modern Sociological thought. A critical discussion of the works of the principal sociological writers from Comte to the present time.
3. The psychological Sociologist. This course deals with that group of sociologists who approach sociology from a psychological point of view.
4. Charities and correction. The course will include lectures by Specialists and excursions to state and local institutions. This course should precede Courses 5 and б.
5. Public and private charity. A comparative study of poor-relief in the United States, England, and the principal continental countries.
6. Charity organization. A study of poverty in American cities, with special reference to the work of charity-organization societies.
7. Social ethics. This course treats the philosophy of legal institutions, with special emphasis on the ethical point of view. It is accepted as a study in the political-science group.
8. Seminary in Sociology. Designed particularly for graduate students and others of suitable preparation. Topics in theoretical and practical sociology will be selected with reference to the needs and interests of the student.
9. Field work. Students are encouraged to study charitable and correctional institutions in Madison and vicinity, and opportunity is afforded for continuous work during the summer months. During past years students from the university have engaged in field work, and several of these students have taken up work of this kind as a career. It is believed that this method of continuous Study, followed by field work, yields the best results. It is the aim of this department to furnish secretaries of charity-organization societies, and other trained workers.
FINANCE, AND STATISTICS.
PROFESSOR ELY, PROFESSOR SCOTT, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR MEYER, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR JONES, DR. KLEENE, MR. YOUNG.
5. Economic problems. Special attention will be devoted to the problem of labor. Such topics as the sliding scale, hours of labor, sweat-shop and tenement-house production, trades unions, co-operation, profit-sharing, and labor legislation will be considered. Text-book with class reports and lectures.
12. The economic functions of the state. This course consists of a series of lectures, historical and critical, on the state in its relation to industry, trade, and the professions, with special reference to pharmacy.
18. The distribution of wealth. Part I. This course deals chiefly with the fundamental institutions in the existing social order and their relation to the present distribution of wealth. Open to graduate students and undergraduates who have had suitable preparation.
19. Distribution of wealth. Part II. A discussion of the separate factors in distribution, Such as rent, interest, and wages, and monopoly gains ; the equilibrium of the factors in distribution; individual fortunes and differential gains; modifications in the distribution of wealth, actual and proposed, including a discussion of Socialism ;
(556) the distribution of wealth and social progress. May be taken by those who have not had Part I, Course 18.
22. Theories of production and consumption. Theories of social prosperity, of population, and of capital, and the theories which concern the operation of physical forces, and the influence of the consumption of wealth on production and distribution.
23. Theories of rent, wages, and profits.
32. Government statistics. The activity taken by various governments in the collection of statistics will be studied, special attention being given to the growth of the United States census.
33. Social statistics. The Study of the structure and the movements of the population will be followed by a Summary of the data contributed by the statistical method to the solution of social problems.
34. Laboratory work in statistics. Facilities will be provided for the pursuance of original work under proper guidance, with the aim of securing experience in the construction and criticism of Schedules, the arrangement of statistical proofs, and graphic illustration.
SPECIAL TRAINING COURSES
IN THE SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL
In order to offer opportunity for careful and Systematic training in practical pursuits, the studies offered by the school, together with a number of allied subjects, have been arranged So as to form four special courses in economics and political science, viz., a course in statistics ; a course in practical sociology; a course in preparation for public Service; and a course in preparation for journalism.
The course in statistics will give Special training in the use and collection of statistical material, with a view of fitting the Student for practical statistical work in connection with public administration or with the business of railway and insurance companies. Numerous statistical experts are at present employed by the government and by large corporations. Consequently the completion of a thorough and consistent course in statistics may be made the Starting-point of a Successful and influential career in these lines. It is also intended that the Students in this course should familiarize themselves with the leading Social, political, and industrial institutions and conditions which furnish the material for statistical work.
The course in practical Sociology consists of studies in modern social and economic problems, social theory, and practical charity and reform. The class work of the Student is to be supplemented by the direct study of social conditions, and reformatory and charitable institutions. The course is primarily intended as a preparation for pastoral work, and the activities connected with organized charity and other ameliorative agencies.
THE COURSE IN STATISTICS.
Junior.—Economic statistics, Social Statistics, analytical geometry and calculus, drill in numerical work, economic geography, American industries, economic problems, money and banking, elements of administration.
Senior.—Railway and insurance statistics, government Statistics, theory of probabilities, expert accounting, insurance, railways, social and economic legislation, state and federal administration, markets and securities.
Graduate.—Actuarial science, distribution of wealth, public finance, economic Seminary, Seminary in administration, laboratory work in statistics, railway economics, public accounting.
THE COURSE IN PRACTICAL SOCIOLOGY.
Junior.— Charities and crimes, field work, elements of sociology, history of education, municipal government, physiology, psychology, ethics, moral education.
Senior.—Social ethics, social statistics, psychology and sociology, modern social thought, field work in charities, charity organization, communicable diseases, biology of water Supplies, American history.
Graduate.— Seminary in sociology, advanced ethics, anthropology, abnormal psychology alternating with comparative psychology, distribution of wealth, history of political thought, social and economic legislation, economic and Social history, laboratory work in statistics.
UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING.
The aim of the department is to familiarize 'students with the history of social development, and to encourage investigation of the principles on which social progress depends. After a thorough grounding in the fundamental facts the student is expected to observe the social phenomena about him and to study the various problems in an independent manner. Inasmuch as sociology is a study of recent birth, and its theories are constantly expanding, much of the class work will consist of lectures and theses.
1. Principles of sociology. Small and Vincent, Giddings's Elements, Kidd's Social Evolution. Recitations, readings, debates, and theses.
2. Social problems. Study of crime, punishment, and reform ; poverty and charities; the labor movement — wages, strikes, co-operation, trusts, socialism. Lectures, readings, discussions, and theses.
Social philosophy. Lectures on social theory, old and new, and on the aimS of society. Discussions and theses.
ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.
UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY.
9. Principles of sociology. This course considers the elements and conditions of social growth and progress. Recitations, lectures, and readings of assigned chapters from Spencer's Principles of Sociology and Giddings's Principles of Sociology. Text-book: Fairbanks's Introduction to Sociology.
to. Problems of social growth. Trade-unionism, arbitration, and conciliation ; communism, co-operation, and profit-sharing. Lectures and reports. For reference : Ely, The Labor Movement in America, and Ely, French and German Socialism.
Courses in genetic sociology, and in charities and correction, will probably be offered later.
LELAND STANFORD JUNIOR
ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY.
Courses 6 and 8 are withdrawn and the following courses added :
7. Socialistic theories. History of the socialistic doctrine and agitation, and of socialistic experiments; criticism of the doctrine, especially in the light of received
(558) economic theories of value and distribution ; history and theories of private property; study of the extension of State activities into the realm of industry; reading from leading Socialists and their critics. Associate Professor Howard.
9. Problems of American democracy. Discussions of the ballot, direct legislation, proportional representation, the machine, political parties, etc. Associate Professor Howard.
6. Psychology of the social relations. Assistant Professor Martin.
Education and society. The function of the School aS related to the home, church, and other educational institutions and agencies of the community. Special phaSeS of education in large citieS and in rural communities, and special problems in connection with social education, as related to defective and criminal classes, foreignerS, negroeS, etc. Mr. Snedden.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA—
Social integration and disintegration in mediæval and modern Europe.
The science of education is recognized as having its basis in psychology, ethics, biology, logic, and sociology, Since each of these Sciences has significance for education in so far as it throws light upon the nature of man both as an individual and as a member of society. Pedagogy, therefore, is treated not simply historically, nor Simply systematically, in a general course, but special courses and lectures are provided in each of the important branches which lie at its foundation.
History of education includes also an account of the political and social theories of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries, in so far as they affected education.
FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE.
ETHNOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY.
2. Sociology. A study of the evolution of society and its present state. Professor Williams.
FRANK L. TOLMAN.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO.